artemisinin(redirected from Artemisinin and malaria)
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A sesquiterpene antimalarial and antischistosomal drug derived from Artemisia annua; a. is a potent and rapidly acting blood schizontocide used in the treatment of malaria; active against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum and chloroquine-sensitive P. falciparum and P. vivax.
1. A compound, C15H22O5, that is obtained from a species of artemisia (Artemisia annua) and has antimalarial activity.
2. Any of several semisynthetic derivatives of this compound that are used to treat malaria, usually in combination with other drugs.