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An armed conflict including one or more governments, and causing the death of 1,000 or more people per year
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172) Ongoing and systematic use of civilians as human shields would justify this adjusted assessment, since it would also create an incentive to lessen the use of the human shields tactic, ultimately enhancing civilian protection during armed conflicts.
47) It states "[t]his Protocol shall not apply to situations of internal disturbances and tensions, such as riots, isolated and sporadic acts of violence and other acts of a similar nature, as not being armed conflicts.
States' failure to apply IHL in the recent armed conflicts in Angola, Rwanda, Afghanistan, Chechnya, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Sri Lanka highlight the ineffectiveness and almost universal disregard of Common Article 3.
Osman said that it is vital to safeguard the right of education even in regions where armed conflict persists, and to equip schools and professionals with the relevant expertise to be able to resume classes adequately once the conflict ends.
It was one of the most brutish and turbulent civil wars in the history of armed conflict, which was declared over in a ceremony entitled - "the war done done" - by then President Alhaji Ahmad Tejan Kabba in year 2002.
Common Article 2 of the Geneva Conventions of August 1949 states that the Conventions "shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise between two or more of the High Contracting Parties, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them.
The focus, he said, should continue to be on situations of armed conflict and those threatening global peace and security.
21) Equally significant are the increasingly robust mechanisms for imposing international criminal responsibility for violations of international humanitarian law during non-international armed conflicts that have resulted in, at least in practical terms, a more effective accountability regime for war crimes than for human rights violations.
Peter Maurer, president of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), will give a first-hand update on the humanitarian situation in each of those countries and illustrate some of the key challenges the ICRC faces when responding to acute humanitarian crises amid contemporary armed conflicts.
Eboe-Osuji (a judge of the International Criminal Court) seeks to address how international law can better confront the problem of sexual violence against women in armed conflicts.
distinguishing armed conflicts of a non-international nature from acts
Failure to recognize this new strand of warfare has potentially devastating implications for those nations likely to be involved in future armed conflicts.