Wolf, Chuh, Floyd, McInnis, and Williams (2015) were consistent with this thought when they concluded, "in general, regardless of diagnosis, occupational therapy is too focused on ADL performance, which limits practitioners' role in the other areas of occupation that are meaningful to clients" (p.
Effectiveness of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation after stroke: An evidence-based review.
Males were more likely to achieve an identity during the college years, whereas females were somewhat more likely to be foreclosed, especially in the ideological areas of occupation, religion, and politics.
In a third study of high school juniors who were interviewed as seniors and again during their first year following graduation, Archer (1989a) found no gender differences in the areas of occupation, religion, and sex roles.
Bilsker, Schiedel, & Marcia (1988) evaluated the identity development of college students in the areas of occupation, ideology (politics and religion), and sexual-interpersonal (sex roles and sexual behavior).
The lack of gender differences in the areas of occupation and in friendship is not surprising.