Drilling proponents point to the advent of oil production in Prudhoe Bay to the east of ANWR and a concomitant increase in the Central Arctic caribou herd population (93) as support for the proposition that development activity is better than bad for caribou--it's good.
100) Studies of Central Arctic caribou during the 1980s and 1990s showed that caribou that spent more time in or near the Prudhoe Bay oil fields gained less weight in the summer, and had higher calf mortality and lower pregnancy rates than caribou exposed to less development.
Alaska's conservation of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd is a success story of international significance.
It may well be that federal agencies would be prohibited, under the subsistence provisions of ANILCA, from rendering the type of active assistance that causes marked departures from current migration patterns exhibited by the Western Arctic Caribou Herd.
Reindeer herders in Alaska have suffered tremendous losses because of new migration patterns by the Western Arctic Caribou Herd.
Both state and federal governments are in a reasonable position to know caribou location because the Western Arctic Caribou Herd is closely monitored with both radio and satellite collars by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and FWS.
The management plan for the Western Arctic Caribou Herd primarily involves monitoring, allowing natural conditions such as predators, protecting habitat, and determining whether to regulate the ungulate population.