aprosody

(redirected from Aprosodia)
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a·pros·o·dy

(ă-pros'ō-dē),
Absence, in speech, of rhythm and the normal variations in pitch and stress.
[G. a- priv. + prosōdia, voice modulation]

aprosody

[āpros′odē]
Etymology: Gk, a + prosodia, not modulated voice
a speech disorder characterized by the absence of the normal variations in pitch, loudness, intonation, and rhythm of word formation.

a·pros·o·dy

, aprosodia (ā-pros'ŏ-dē, ā-prō-sō'dē-ă)
Complete loss of speech intonation patterns, usually due to a neurologic disorder.
See also: dysprosody
[G. a- priv. + prosōdia, voice modulation]

aprosody

(ā″pros′ŏ-dē) [ ¹an- + prosody]
Absence of normal variations of pitch, rhythm, and stress in the speech.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Because aprosodia can cause miscommunication with friends and family, effective treatments may improve quality of life for veterans with this condition.
The first group includes reports on the potential effects of new treatments for poststroke aprosodia, apraxia of speech, spatial-cognitive disorders, and word retrieval in aphasia.
Abstract--Expressive aprosodia is an impaired ability to change one's voice to express common emotions such as joy, anger, and sadness.
Key words: aprosodia, cognitive-linguistic treatment, dysarthria, emotional prosody, expressive, imitative treatment, memory, receptive, rehabilitation, right-hemisphere damage, traumatic brain injury.
investigated three treatments for expressive aprosodia secondary to right-hemisphere stroke in a 62-year-old man: a prosody repetition strategy, a cognitive-linguistic self-cueing strategy, and a facial expression cross-cueing strategy [3].
More recently, we published two reports that detailed the visual and effect-size analyses of two treatments that were administered to four participants with primarily expressive aprosodia [5-6].
Therefore, 10 subjects with expressive aprosodia and the 4 subjects who participated in the earlier studies [5-6] were treated with the design described in Rosenbek et al.
Severity of dysarthria and of receptive and expressive aprosodia were also determined.
Severity of receptive aprosodia was measured by performance on subtest 8A of the Florida Affect Battery (FAB) [13], in which participants identified the emotions expressed in 20 semantically neutral sentences spoken in one of five affective tones of voice (happy, sad, angry, fearful, and neutral).
Table 3 summarizes the severity of dysarthria, receptive aprosodia, and expressive aprosodia for all participants.
Thus, these data can become a critical component of evidence-based practice in expressive aprosodia.
Participants 1 and 14 (both nonresponders) had severe receptive aprosodia but so did four of the responders.