applied ethics


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ethics

 [eth´iks]
1. a branch of philosophy dealing with values pertaining to human conduct, considering the rightness and wrongness of actions and the goodness or badness of the motives and ends of such actions.
2. systematic rules or principles governing right conduct. Each practitioner, upon entering a profession, is invested with the responsibility to adhere to the standards of ethical practice and conduct set by the profession. adj., adj eth´ical.
applied ethics practical ethics.
descriptive ethics a type of nonnormative ethics that simply reports what people believe, how they reason, and how they act.
medical ethics the values and guidelines governing decisions in medical practice.
nonnormative ethics ethics whose objective is to establish what factually or conceptually is the case, not what ethically ought to be the case. Two types are descriptive ethics and metaethics.
normative ethics an approach to ethics that works from standards of right or good action. There are three types of normative theories: virtue theories, deontological theories, and teleological theories.
nursing ethics the values and ethical principles governing nursing practice, conduct, and relationships. The Code for Nurses, adopted by the American Nurses' Association (ANA) in 1950 and revised periodically, is intended to provide definite standards of practice and conduct that are essential to the ethical discharge of the nurse's responsibility. Further information on the Code, interpretative statements that clarify it, and guidance in implementing it in specific situations can be obtained from committees and councils on nursing practice of State Nurses' Associations or from the ANA Nursing Practice Department.
practical ethics the attempt to work out the implications of general theories for specific forms of conduct and moral judgment; formerly called applied ethics.
professional ethics the ethical norms, values, and principles that guide a profession and the ethics of decisions made within the profession.

applied ethics

The use of moral principles and reasoning to solve problems that arise in practical fields, such as health care, law, or management.
See also: ethics
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, we thank faculty members in the Department of Biology for their support and help in facilitating our applied ethics research.
On the other hand, if one were interested in general applied ethics, applied ethics unconnected to Buddhism, there is a wealth of literature available - a good example of such a text is Mike Martin's Everyday Morality (2006).
In their discussion of applied ethics, the authors emphasized the changing nature of ethical codes and the dynamic social forces that contribute to such changes.
Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics, University of British Columbia.
The collection gives insides into the current status of applied ethic research in the realm of management.
Massad Ayoob served for years on the Ethics Committee of the American Society of Law Enforcement Trainers, and has been a guest lecturer at the Center for Advancement of Applied Ethics at Carnegie-Mellon University.
Since 1985, Santa Clara has been home to the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, which offers integrated ethics training throughout the campus.
A culture of 'we are the best and the brightest' and 'you can't challenge us because we're much more powerful and intelligent than you' emerged during the bull market," explains Kirk Hanson, executive director of the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University in Silicon Valley.
The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University invites applications for 2002-2003 Visiting Scholars.
Ethics and the Arts," conference, Arizona State University, at Mission Palms Hotel, Tempe, AZ Contact: Joan and David Lincoln Center for Applied Ethics, Arizona State University, P.
Thus in Applied Ethics, a book of readings edited by Singer, a British bioethicist, John Harris, has suggested, "Whenever doctors have two or more dying patients who could be saved by transplants, and no suitable organs have come to hand through 'natural deaths,' they (should be allowed to) ask a central computer to supply a suitable donor .
Some authors in the United States have met this challenge, perhaps because applied ethics research has been on the agenda of the universities there for much longer than in most other countries.

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