Apophysomyces


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Apophysomyces

(ap'ō-fiz'ō-mī'sēz),
A genus of fungi in the family Mucoraceae; a cause of mucormycosis.

Ap·o·phy·so·my·ces

(ap-ō-fiz-ō-mī'sēz)
A genus of fungi in the family Mucoraceae; a cause of zygomycosis, including necrotizing fasciitis and osteomyelitis. Infections occur after fungal spores are implanted in traumatic wounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1 fatal case, the invasive zygomycete Apophysomyces elegans was isolated.
Similarly, a cluster of mucormycosis cases caused by Apophysomyces trapeziformis occurred among 13 persons who were severely injured in the May 22, 2011, tornado in Joplin, Missouri, United States (4).
The Joplin cases were caused by the fungus Apophysomyces trapeziformis, which is commonly found in soils, decaying vegetation, and water containing organic matter such as leaves and soil.
Laboratory analysis for all 13 patients yielded the Mu-cormycete Apophysomyces trapeziformis.
Other fungi occasionally isolated include Mycocladus (Absidia) corymbifera, Rhizomucor pusillus, Apophysomyces elegans, Saksenaea vasiformis, Mucor species, and Cunninghamella bertholletiae.
The rest of the patients were infected with the following organisms: Aspergillus species (four cases), Pseudallescheria boydii (two cases), Coccidioides immitis (one case), Histoplasma capsulatum (one case), Ramichloridium mackenziei (one case), and Apophysomyces elegans plus a Basidiomycetes species (one case).
1) The zygomycetes include Rhizopus, Absidia, Cunninghamella, Rhizomucor, Synchephalastrum, Saksenaea, Apophysomyces, and Mucor.
The genera reported to cause invasive infection are Absidia, Mucor, Rhizomucor, Rhizopus, Apophysomyces, Saksenaea, Cunninghamella, Cokeromyces and Syncephalastrum.
Zygomyeosis due to Apophysomyces elegans: Report of 2 cases and review of the literature.
The most common agents in human infection comprise the genera Rhizopus, Mucor, Absidia, Apophysomyces, Cunninghamella, Rhizomucor, and Saksenaea.
To the Editor: The fungus Apophysomyces elegans (order Mucorales) is a thermotolerant species that causes severe infections among humans.
Rhino-orbitocerebral mucormycosis caused by Apophysomyces elegans.