Aphthovirus


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Aphthovirus

(af'thō-vī'rus),
A viral genus in the family Picornaviridae associated with foot and mouth disease of cattle.

Aphthovirus

/Aph·tho·vi·rus/ (af´tho-vi″rus) foot-and-mouth disease viruses; a genus of viruses of the family Picornaviridae that cause foot-and-mouth disease.

Aph·tho·vi·rus

(af'thō-vī'rus)
A genus in the family Picornaviridae associated with foot and mouth disease of cattle.

Aphthovirus

a genus in the family Picornaviridae that includes foot and mouth disease viruses and equine rhinitis A virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is caused by the Aphthovirus of Picornaviridae family which is characterized by low mortality but high mortality (Parida, 2009; Jamal et al.
FMD virus (FMDV) belongs to Aphthovirus of family picornaviridae with seven serotypes namely A, O, C, Asia-1, SAT 1-3.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is caused by a virus from the family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus, having a broad range of hosts and highly resistant to environment.
The causative agent of FMD is the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which is an aphthovirus of the family Picornaviridae (Belsham, 1993).
The disease results from infection with FMD virus (FMDV, the prototypic aphthovirus within the Picornaviridae family) (2).
There are nine genera of picornaviruses: Enterovirus (poliovirus, swine vesicular disease, coxsackievirus (which causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease in humans), and enterovirus A), Rhinovirus (human and bovine rhinoviruses), Hepatovirus (hepatitis A virus), Aphthovirus (foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle), Cardiovirus (encephalomyocarditis virus in mice), Erbovirus (equine rhinitis B virus), Kobuvirus (Aichi kobuvirus), Teschovirus (porcine teschovirus), and Parechovirus (human parechovirus, which was formerly known as Echovirus 22 and 23).
Other important infectious agents in this group include hepatitis A, hepatitis E, encephalomyocarditis virus, polioviruses, coxsacki viruses, reoviruses, rhinoviruses, astroviruses, caliciviruses, echoviruses, parvoviruses, and aphthovirus.
The disease is caused by FMD virus (FMDV) containing a positive sense single stranded RNA within the Aphthovirus genus (Abubakar et al.
The disease spreads in a large population of susceptible animals (Rowlands, 2003) and is caused by an Aphthovirus of Picornaviridae (Rucckert, 1996).
Picornaviruses (family Picornaviridae) are small, non-enveloped viruses with single-stranded, positive-sense genomic RNA; they are divided into 12 genera: Aphthovirus, Avihepatovirus, Cardiovirus, Enterovirus, Erbovirus, Hepatovirus, Parechovirus, Sapelovirus, Senecavirus, Teschovirus, Tremovirus, and Kobuvirus (1).
FMDV belongs to the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae and possesses a single strand of positive-sense RNA genome.
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is an Aphthovirus within the family Picornaviridae that infects domestic and free-ranging cloven-hoofed mammals.