Another leading antivivisectionist is Ingrid Newkirk, the codirector of PETA, or People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.
The circle of violence is completed when, like the antiterrorist, the antivivisectionist engages in threats and acts of terrorism (as distinct from destruction of property and assuming protective custody of animals) against biomedical researchers in the name of animal liberation.
And simplistically to claim that the antivivisectionist is sentimentally misguided and cares more for animals than for people is a gross injustice to those whose ethical sensibilities are clearly beyond their critics' comprehension.
Public concern over vivisection was making itself known in the 1870s through the emerging discourse of antivivisectionist polemic.
Huxley himself noted the elusive nature of the controversial creature when he and his professional colleagues in the life sciences sought to head off the antivivisectionist opposition by proposing a bill for limited legislation of the practice.
In his first antivivisectionist publication, Lewis Carroll laments that, in the new age of science, the world "has seen and tired of the worship of Nature, of Reason, of Humanity; for this nineteenth century has been reserved the development of the most refined religion of all--the worship of Self.
In addition to vivisectors such as Bernard, Victorian society also gave birth to legislation against animal cruelty, with the SPCA founded in 1824, the Vegetarian Society in 1847, and the antivivisectionist movement during the 1870s.
In her study of the nineteenth-century antivivisectionist movement, Coral Lansbury has argued that many women were drawn to this movement as much for the space it allowed them to express their anxieties about the status of women and women's bodies within their culture as for their concern with animal welfare.
Today, the word antivivisectionist
would appear to be inappropriate now that these self-appointed defenders of the animal kingdom have added hunters to their list of transgressors.
This letter prompted a reply from a vivisection lobbyist (Understanding Animal Research) Mr McGee (September 12), prompting two replies from prominent antivivisectionists
including one doctor practising medicine.
Francis Wills, the fictitious narrator and the world's foremost authority on bird song, published a definitive study of nightingale song and then was disgraced by the outcry of antivivisectionists
4 19 1655 antivivisectionists
3422 symptomatologically 2.