antivenin

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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
Synonym(s): antivenene
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin

/an·ti·ven·in/ (-ven´in) a material used in treatment of poisoning by animal venom.
black widow spider antivenin  a. .
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent  a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans)   a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans) .
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius)  , North American coral snake antivenin a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius) .
polyvalent crotaline antivenin  a. (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

antivenin

(ăn′tē-vĕn′ĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antitoxin active against the venom of a snake, spider, or other venomous animal or insect.
2. An animal serum containing antivenins. It is used in medicine to treat poisoning caused by animal or insect venom.

antivenin

[an′tiven′in]
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, venenum, poison
a suspension of venom-neutralizing antibodies prepared from the serum of immunized horses. Antivenin confers passive immunity and is given as a part of emergency first aid for various snake and insect bites. Also called antivenom.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in)
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin, antivenene

a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal. Prepared by immunization of serum-producing animals, usually horses. Antivenins against the venoms of most poisonous snakes, spiders and stinging fish and other aquatic species are available, but only in those areas in which the poisonous species occurs.
References in periodicals archive ?
snake antivenins poses a life-threatening risk, both remain far from ideal -- triggering a generalized and sometimes severe immunological reaction called serum sickness in about 75 percent of recipients.
Using chicken eggs or sheep's blood rather than horse serum -- the traditional source of antivenins -- and high-tech purification techniques, each team hops to enter and succeed in the small but potentially lucrative market for a better U.
antivenins quickly point out that from a global perspective, the U.
No antivenin exists for the Western coral snake, and no other company makes antivenins for any U.
Scientists and company officials at Wyeth repeatedly declined to discuss their antivenins with SCIENCE NEWS.
Physicians test recipients' sensitivity to horse antivenins by applying a small amount under the skin before administering the entire intravenous dose.
Moreover, while egg proteins can trigger allergic reactions in some people, and the egg antivenins still retain their Fc fragments, the Wisconsin team anticipates no serious reactions to their product.