antivenin

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antivenin

 [an″te-, an″ti-ven´in]
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal; it is composed of concentrated purified antibodies from the serum of an immunized animal, frequently a horse.
black widow spider antivenin antivenin (Latrodectus mactans).
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans).
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius) a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius).
North American coral snake antivenin antivenin (Micrurus fulvius).
polyvalent crotaline antivenin antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
Synonym(s): antivenene
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin

/an·ti·ven·in/ (-ven´in) a material used in treatment of poisoning by animal venom.
black widow spider antivenin  a. .
antivenin (Crotalidae) polyvalent  a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunizing horses with venoms of the fer-de-lance and the western, eastern, and tropical rattlesnakes, used for treatment of envenomation by most pit vipers throughout the world.
antivenin (Latrodectus mactans)   a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, prepared by immunizing horses against venom of the black widow spider (L. mactans) .
antivenin (Micrurus fulvius)  , North American coral snake antivenin a serum containing specific venom-neutralizing globulins, produced by immunization of horses with venom of the eastern coral snake (M. fulvius) .
polyvalent crotaline antivenin  a. (Crotalidae) polyvalent.

antivenin

(ăn′tē-vĕn′ĭn, ăn′tī-)
n.
1. An antitoxin active against the venom of a snake, spider, or other venomous animal or insect.
2. An animal serum containing antivenins. It is used in medicine to treat poisoning caused by animal or insect venom.

antivenin

[an′tiven′in]
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, venenum, poison
a suspension of venom-neutralizing antibodies prepared from the serum of immunized horses. Antivenin confers passive immunity and is given as a part of emergency first aid for various snake and insect bites. Also called antivenom.

an·ti·ven·in

(an'tē-ven'in)
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]

antivenin, antivenene

a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal. Prepared by immunization of serum-producing animals, usually horses. Antivenins against the venoms of most poisonous snakes, spiders and stinging fish and other aquatic species are available, but only in those areas in which the poisonous species occurs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Christie also confirmed yesterday that due to the success in the US of the Crofab anti-venom produced by Protherics the company was planning to take on an additional 17 scientists and technicians in West Wales.
Barlow points out that variation in venom composition between different species or populations of snakes can complicate anti-venom treatment.
They gave him anti-venom - but he was pronounced dead last Wednesday at the snake sanctuary he kept behind his home in Eastwood, Notts.
Experts at Little Rock Zoo, where the snakes were later taken, said there was no anti-venom in Arkansas to counter the effects of the poison.
Analysts had been expecting a loss after the firm, which generates most of its revenue from snake anti-venom, increased its investment in manufacturing, sales and marketing.
He said: "On the way to hospital I rang the school of tropical medicine where the experts on anti-venom are, and when I got out of my car, I lost my legs and just went.
The only solution to the crisis is to track it down and milk its venom so scientists can make an anti-venom.
SNAKE anti-venom producer Protherics yesterday announced it was in talks with five of the world's 20 biggest drug makers about a partnership deal for its experimental treatment of sepsis.
There will also have to be an emergency procedure worked out with the Royal Liverpool University Hospital, and an anti-venom link with the School of Tropical Medicine.
Extra snakebite anti-venom has been airlifted into the city of Rockhampton, one of the worst-hit parts of the state of Queensland.
George Bush number of products including a rattlesnake anti-venom which is stocked on George Bush's ranch in Texas.
Six years ago, he was bitten by one and is now allergic to the life-saving anti-venom.