anticonvulsant

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Related to Anti-convulsant: Anticonvulsant Drugs

anticonvulsant

 [an″te, an″ti-kon-vul´sant]
1. inhibiting convulsions.
2. an agent that has this effect, such as diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin), mephenytoin (Mesantoin), and trimethadione. They are used in the treatment of epilepsy and in psychomotor and myoclonic seizures.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kon-vŭl'sant),
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

/an·ti·con·vul·sant/ (-kon-vul´sant) inhibiting convulsions, or an agent that does this.

anticonvulsant

(ăn′tē-kən-vŭl′sənt, ăn′tī-)
n.
A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.

an′ti·con·vul′sive (-sĭv) adj.

anticonvulsant

[-kənvul′sənt/]
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, convellere, to shake
1 pertaining to a substance or procedure that prevents or reduces the severity of epileptic or other convulsive seizures.
2 an anticonvulsant drug. Hydantoin derivatives, especially phenytoin, apparently exert their anticonvulsant effect by stabilizing the plasma membrane and decreasing intracellular sodium levels; as a result, the excitability of the epileptogenic focus is reduced. Phenytoin prevents the spread of excessive discharges in motor areas and suppresses arrhythmias originating in the thalamus, frontal lobes, and other brain areas. Succinic acid derivatives, valproic acid, and various barbiturates are among the drugs prescribed to limit or prevent absence seizures. Some benzodiazepines are also useful as anticonvulsants. Many of these agents can produce fetal malformations when administered to pregnant women. Also called antiepileptic.

anticonvulsant

adjective Related to preventing seizures noun Any agent used to prevent, reduce or stop seizures or convulsions. See Epilepsy.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1.Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

A drug used to prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic attacks, or to prevent dangerous muscle contraction in electroconvulsive therapy. Anticonvulsant drugs include PHENYTOIN (Epanutin), PHENOBARBITONE (phenobarbital) (Luminal), ETHOSUXIMIDE (Zarontin), CARBAMAZEPINE (Tegretol), SODIUM VALPROATE (Epilim) and CLONAZEPAM (Rivotril).

Anticonvulsant

A type of drug given to prevent seizures. Some patients with migraines can be treated effectively with an anticonvulsant.
Mentioned in: Antimigraine Drugs

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.
Synonym(s): anticonvulsive.

anticonvulsant

1. inhibiting convulsions. Any drug that depresses the central nervous system may be used for its anticonvulsant effect. This includes narcotics and sedatives. They have the undesirable effect of depressing all CNS functions.
2. a specific motor depressant, such as anticonvulsant or antiepileptic, which depresses specifically the motor centers and suppresses spontaneous motor activity; examples are phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone and diazepam.
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The administration of anti-hypertensive/ anti-convulsant drug treatment
C-10068 was studied in preclinical and anti-convulsant models that are considered to be indicative of clinical efficacy.
Lynn Berry, a care assistant of Willenhall Wood in Coventry, was shocked at the effects powerful anti-convulsants and steroids had on her daughter Shannon.
Complications THE authors, including Dr David Lloyd of Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, concluded that the rate of complications and neurological problems in children exposed to anti-convulsant drugs while in the womb was "high".
After two more attacks in the night, Wendy went back to her doctor and was prescribed the anti-convulsant Tegretol.
The advent of effective anti-convulsant medications in the 1950s made the ketogenic diet a less appealing treatment option, but it is still a viable one in cases of intractable seizure disorders or when medications cause intolerable side effects.
Although folic acid can interact with some anti-convulsant drugs taken by people with epilepsy.
Market for pain management drugs has been divided into anti-convulsant drugs, anesthetics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), opioids, and non-narcotic analgesic drugs.
Millie is now involved in an infantile spasms study and been put on anti-convulsant medication which has kept her fits at bay for more than three months.
Your doctor will give you advice on how to avoid a rapid rise in temperature in the future and advise on anti-convulsant drug treatment.
The group which is leading the action, a family support group called the Organisation for Anti-Convulsant Syndrome, is staging a meeting in Liverpool to seek out further families who may be victims of the drug.

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