cultural relativism

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relativism

 [rel´ah-tiv″izm]
a philosophical system that considers truth to be dependent on individual persons, cultural contexts, times, or places.
cultural relativism the understanding of distinct cultures and lifestyles within the context of each culture; the behaviors of a cultural group are evaluated in the context of that specific culture, from an impartial perspective, rather than according to the standards of some other culture.

cultural relativism

a concept that health and normality emerge within a social context and that the content and form of mental health will vary greatly from one culture to another. Differences may result from variations in stressors, symbolic interpretation, acceptance of expression and repression, and cohesion and tolerance of deviation of social groups.
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Anthropological relativism was promoted as a refutation of the noxious notion that any racial, ethnic, or cultural group is inherently superior to another.
The major criticism against the position of empirical, anthropological relativism and skepticism lies along, first, Humean arguments which maintain that ethical values are intrinsically distinct and different in kind from observed facts, that there is a significant distinction between "the ought" and "the is," values and facts, between morality and science.