anthelmintic

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Related to Anthelmintic drug: Antihelminthic Drugs

anthelmintic

 [ant″hel-min´tik]
1. destructive to parasitic worms; called also antihelmintic and vermifugal.
2. an agent destructive to worms; examples include piperazine and hexylresorcinol for the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides;quinacrine for tapeworms; oxytetracycline and emetine for protozoan infections such as amebic dysentery; and mebendazole for several different intestinal worms. Many anthelmintic drugs are toxic and should be given with care; the toxic effects of a specific drug should be known prior to administration and the patient observed carefully for such effects after the drug is given. Called also vermicide, and vermifuge

ant·hel·min·tic

(ant'hel-min'tik, an-thel-),
1. An agent that destroys or expels intestinal worms. Synonym(s): anthelminthic, antihelminthic, helminthagogue, helminthic (2) , helmintic (2) , vermifuge
2. Having the power to destroy or expel intestinal worms. Synonym(s): vermifugal
[anti- + G. helmins, worm]

anthelmintic

/ant·hel·min·tic/ (ant″hel-min´tik)
1. vermifugal; destructive to worms.
2. vermicide or vermifuge; an agent destructive to worms.

anthelmintic

(ănt′hĕl-mĭn′tĭk, ăn′thĕl-) also

anthelminthic

(-thĭk)
adj.
Acting to expel or destroy parasitic intestinal worms.
n.
An agent that destroys or causes the expulsion of parasitic intestinal worms.

anthelmintic

[ant′helmin′tik]
Etymology: Gk, anti + helmins, against worms
1 pertaining to a substance that destroys or prevents the development of parasitic worms, such as filariae, flukes, hookworms, pinworms, roundworms, schistosomes, tapeworms, trichinae, and whipworms.
2 an anthelmintic drug. An anthelmintic may interfere with the parasites' carbohydrate metabolism, inhibit their respiratory enzymes, block their neuromuscular action, or render them susceptible to destruction by the host's macrophages. Drugs used in treating specific helmintic infections include piperazine, pyrantel pamoate, pyrvinium pamoate, mebendazole, niclosamide, hexylresorcinol, diethylcarbamazine, and thiabendazole.

ant·hel·min·tic

(ant'hĕl-min'tik)
1. An agent that destroys or expels intestinal worms.
Synonym(s): helminthagogue.
2. Having the power to destroy or expel intestinal worms.
[anti- + G. helmins, worm]

anthelmintic

A drug used to kill or drive out parasitic worms from the intestines. From the Greek anti , against and elmins , a worm.

Anthelminthic (also spelled anthelmintic)

A type of drug or herbal preparation given to destroy parasitic worms or expel them from the body.
Mentioned in: Dysentery

anthelmintic,

adj/n eradicating intestinal worms.

anthelmintic

1. destructive to worms.
2. an agent destructive to worms. They are classified as antinematicidal, antitrematicidal, anticesticidal.

anthelmintic poisoning
see under individual anthelmintics.
anthelmintic resistance
frequent dosing of animals, especially ruminants running at pasture, selectively retains worms with innate resistance to a particular anthelmintic. A population of resistant worms may result. The resistant worm population may be transmitted to other farms. Side resistance to other compounds in the same chemical group may occur. This is observed in the benzimidazole group of compounds and in the levamisole-morantel group.
References in periodicals archive ?
The use of anthelmintic drugs for therapy of neurocysticercosis results in better resolution of viable parenchymal cysts and lower risk of recurrence, and reduces seizure frequency when compared with placebo.
Choose from a great variety of anthelmintic drugs that are safe and effective against ascarids, hookworms, and other intestinal helminths of dogs and cats (Table 1).
Effect of administration of intestinal anthelmintic drugs on haemoglobin: systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Control and Treatment: Usually equines are treated with anthelmintic drugs to eliminate adult strongyles from the large intestines to prevent excessive contamination of pastures with eggs and L3s.
Sheep was not treated with any anthelmintic drugs as no specific therapeutic strategies have been outlined for non cerebral coenurosis (Oryan et al.
Anthelmintic drugs for treating worms in children: effects on growth and cognitive performance.
Mass treatment of sheep and cattle with TCBZ (Fasinex) or in combination with other anthelmintic drugs is common in the Netherlands (L.
1973), which is similar with two conventional anthelmintic drugs such as praziquantel (Schmahl and Taraschewski 1987), and toltrazuril (Schmahl et al.
It is well known that the UK sheep industry is now facing an ever-increasing problem of roundworms, which show resistance to anthelmintic drugs.
These in vitro tests determine the effects of anthelmintic drugs on physiological processes like hatch, development, mortality and motility of the parasites (Varady and Corba, 1999).
The gastro- intestinal helminthes becomes resistant to currently available anthelmintic drugs therefore there is a foremost problem in treatment of helminthes diseases (Sondhi et al.