mediastinal tumor

(redirected from Anterior mediastinal mass)

mediastinal tumor

Surgery Any benign or malignant mediastinal mass–eg, epithelial lesions, lymphomas, thymoma, pseudotumors. See Mediastinum.
References in periodicals archive ?
When evaluating mediastinal masses and specifically an anterior mediastinal mass, close attention to the patency of the airway and mediastinal vascular structures is essential.
Patients with an anterior mediastinal mass observed on antecedent CT, MRI, or FDG-PET were enrolled in this study.
On the noncontrast CT images, there was a well-defined heterogeneous anterior mediastinal mass adjacent to the right border of the heart.
Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest demonstrated a nonenhancing, heterogeneous anterior mediastinal mass with cystic components and no macroscopic fat (Figures 3 and 4).
The third and final part of the book is made up of various real-world cases, including adrenal and paraganglia diagnosis, anterior mediastinal mass diagnosis, appendix diagnosis, and several other examples.
Between 50-70% of children with lymphoblastic lymphoma present with an anterior mediastinal mass.
reported a case of superior vena cava syndrome caused by a similar anterior mediastinal mass found in echocardiography, associated with mild pericardial effusion, without involving myocardium or hampering cardiac motion, which was later proved by CT scan and histopathological examination as a large mediastinal germ cell tumor with malignant transformation.
Lymphoma is the most common cause of an anterior mediastinal mass in children and the second most common cause of an anterior mediastinal mass in adults.
Surgery for a huge anterior mediastinal mass performed under general anaesthesia leading to catastrophic airway collapse has been described and this dreaded complication may also occur when a surgical biopsy is performed with intravenous sedation, as illustrated in one of the patients in this study (Patient 4).
On chest CT, the combination of soft tissue, calcium, fluid, and fat density in an anterior mediastinal mass is a highly specific finding that allows the prospective diagnosis of mediastinal teratoma.
A chest X-ray showed an anterior mediastinal mass with calcification (Fig.
Chest wall chondrosarcomas are a rare cause for an anterior mediastinal mass.

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