Freud

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Freud

 [froid]
Sigmund (1856–1939). Clinical neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Freiberg in Moravia, and educated at the University of Vienna, he studied in Paris in 1885 under the neurologist J. M. Charcot, who encouraged him to investigate hysteria from a psychologic point of view. Freud stressed the existence of an unconscious that exerts a dynamic influence on consciousness, and was led to develop his method of “free association” in order to discover these buried memories. He emphasized the role of sexuality in the development of neurotic conditions, and published Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), and many more works. He was also director of the International Journal of Psychology. After fleeing the Nazi regime in Vienna in 1938, he died in London.

Freud

(froyd),
Sigmund, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1856-1939, founder of psychoanalysis. See: freudian, freudian fixation, freudian psychoanalysis, freudian slip, Freud theory.

Freud, Sigmund

[froid]
Etymology: Austrian neurologist, 1856-1939
founder of a complex integrated theory of psychological causes of mental disorders, some, such as hysteria, with physical symptoms. Among tenets of freudian theory are that human beings are motivated by a pleasure principle; receive internal stimulation from a sex instinct and a death instinct; have personality structures that can be divided into ego, superego, and id; and have unconscious, preconscious, and conscious levels of mental activity. See also freudian, freudian fixation, freudianism.
References in periodicals archive ?
In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volumes XVII, translated from the German under the general editorship of James Strachey, in collaboration with Anna Freud, assisted by Alix Strachey and Alan Tyson.
Coles is frequently self-deprecatory, presenting to us his misunderstandings of what "Tess" or Anna Freud are saying, how they, corrected his misinterpretations, and why he misunderstood them in the first place.
Service, as diverse as the family of words whence it comes, testifies, at any age, to idealism or altruism, as Anna Freud puts it, placing oneself in the shoes of another, absorbing the needs, and then going to work.
Perhaps it is right that the material of Freud's ongoing, interrupted analysis of Anna Freud is not available to scholars.
The "A Group" included Melanie Klein and her followers and the "B Group" included Anna Freud and her followers.
BORN JOHN Lennon, pop/ rock superstar, 1940 SHARON Osborne, rock star wife, 1952 DAVID Cameron, Prime Minister, 1966 DIED ANNA Freud, psychologist, aged 87 SISTER Rosetta Tharpe, gospel singer, aged 58 AILEEN Wuornos, serial killer, aged 46
Professor Peter Fonagy, chief executive of the Anna Freud Centre, who worked on the guidance, said evidence-backed advice should include telling parents to avoid the word "no".
Impious fidelity; Anna Freud, psychoanalysis, politics.
Freud loyalists, led by his daughter, Anna Freud, would have manned the ramparts in defending the memory of their iconic prophet.
So we follow her and Izzy as they undergo a year of therapy at London's Anna Freud Centre with Dr Amanda Jones.
By way of his flamboyant personality and scandalous personal life, his rise in London and subsequent fall, the author also offers a glimpse at the psychoanalytic and creative communities of his times--text includes interactions with Anna Freud, Julie Andrews, Donald Woods Winnicott, and other figures.
Cosponsored by the Yale Child Study Center and London's Anna Freud Centre and held at Bank Street College, this New York City conference addresses the healing role books can play in children's lives.