Anethum graveolens

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Related to Anethum graveolens: Coriandrum sativum, Foeniculum vulgare, Allium porrum, Levisticum officinale, Petroselinum crispum



Anethum graveolens

(trade name),

Oleum anethi

(trade name),

Peucedanum graveolens

(trade name),


(trade name)


Therapeutic: sedative hypnotics
Oral: GI, kidney, and urinary tract diseasesinsomnia


Dill seed has antibacterial, sedative, and diuretic effects. Dill seed oil has spasmolytic effects on smooth muscle.

Therapeutic effects

Improved sleep.
Relief of intestinal discomfort.


Absorption: Unknown.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Half-life: Unknown.

Time/action profile



Contraindicated in: Allergy to dill or allergy to carrot family plants, including asafoetida, caraway, celery, coriander and fennel;.
Use Cautiously in: Obstetric: Pregnancy and lactation: avoid amounts greater than seasoning quantities.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects


  • contact dermatitis


May ↑ lithium levels.None known.
Oral (Adults) Dried seeds—1–4 g PO TID; Oil—2–6 drops daily.


Bulk dried seeds: OTC
Dill oil: OTC

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess appetite, flatulence and bowel elimination before and during therapy.
  • Assess sleep patterns prior to and during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Deficient knowledge, related to medication regimen


  • May be taken without regard for food.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Inform patients that there are no approved uses for this herbal supplement.
  • Advise patient that dill contains a high sodium content and patients on a restricted sodium diet should not take this herbal supplement without consulting health care professional.
  • Warn patients that skin contact with this herbal supplement may cause skin irritation.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Improved appetite and reduction in intestinal discomfort.
  • Improvement in sleep habits.


Herbal medicine
A culinary and medicinal plant that has been used as an antimicrobial, appetite stimulant, carminative and treatment for colic.

Anethum graveolens,

n See dill.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to our histochemical studies of PNA, UEA, and DBA lectins, administration of aqueous extracts of Anethum graveolens decreases glycoconjugates with Gal/GalNAc residues in a dose-dependent manner and has no effect on glycoconjugates with [alpha]-fucose residues.
The results of animal mating revealed that treatment of female rats with Anethum graveolens aqueous extracts delays the fertilization process.
Characterization of the aromatic plant samples Material Plant part Oil yield, mg/g Fresh Dried Dill, Anethum graveolens L.
5% and 12% of the seeds germinated for Plantago, Lallemantia royleana and Anethum graveolens respectively in the presence of 75mM/lit NaCl during the second week.
and Anethum graveolens were very sensitive to salinity and did not observed any seedling of them at 100mM/lit.
III-4: The response of Anethum graveolens to bio-fertilizers, nitrogen fertilizers and their interaction was evaluated.