amyl

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Related to Amyls: amyl nitrate, ether

am·yl

(ā'mil),
The radical formed from a pentane, C5H12, by removal of one H. Several isomeric forms exist, the more important being CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2- (amyl or pentyl); (CH3)2CHCH2CH2- (isoamyl or isopentyl); CH3CH2CH2CH(CH)3- and (CH3CH2)2CH- (secondary amyl or pentyl); and CH3CH2C(CH3)2- (tertiary amyl or pentyl).
Synonym(s): pentyl (1)

amyl

/am·yl/ (am´il) the radical —C5H11.
amyl nitrite  a volatile, flammable liquid with a pungent ethereal odor. It is administered by inhalation for the treatment of cyanide poisoning, producing methemoglobin which binds cyanide, and as a diagnostic aid in tests of reserve cardiac function and diagnosis of certain heart murmurs. It is abused to produce euphoria and as a sexual stimulant.

am·yl

(am'il)
The radical formed from a pentane, C5H12, by removal of one H. Several isomeric forms exist.
Synonym(s): pentyl (1) .

amyl

(am′ĭl) [Gr. amylon, starch]
A hypothetical univalent radical, C5H11, nonexistent in a free state.

amyl nitrite

C5H11NO2; a volatile and highly flammable clear liquid used as a vasodilator, esp. in the past for anginal pain.