amoxicillin

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amoxicillin

 [ah-moks″ĭ-sil´in]
an antibiotic that is a penicillin analogue similar in action to ampicillin but more efficiently absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and therefore requiring less frequent dosage and not as likely to cause diarrhea.

a·mox·i·cil·lin

(ă-mok'si-sil'in),
A semisynthetic penicillin antibiotic with an antimicrobial spectrum similar to that of ampicillin.

amoxicillin

/amox·i·cil·lin/ (ah-mok″sĭ-sil´in) a semisynthetic derivative of ampicillin effective against a broad spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

amoxicillin

(ə-mŏk′sĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
n.
A semisynthetic penicillin, C16H19N3O5S, having an antibacterial spectrum of action similar to that of ampicillin.

amoxicillin

[əmok′səsil′in]
a beta-lactam semisynthetic oral penicillin antibiotic.
indication It is prescribed in the treatment of infections caused by a susceptible gram-negative or gram-positive bacteria.
contraindication Known hypersensitivity to any penicillin prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the most serious adverse reactions are anaphylaxis, nausea, and diarrhea. Allergic reactions and rashes are common.

amoxicillin

Infectious disease A broad-spectrum semisynthetic penicillin with activity similar to that of ampicillin

amoxicillin

Amoxycillin, an AMPICILLIN-like penicillin antibiotic, effective in TYPHOID and many other infections. Brand names are Amoxil and Galenamox. Compounded with lansoprazol and clarithromycin it is marketed as Heliclear.

amoxicillin

penicillin antibiotic of similar action to ampicillin; usually administered as 250 mg by mouth every 8 hours (125 mg every 8 hours for a child) for soft-tissue infections

a·mox·i·cil·lin

(ă-mok'si-sil'in)
A semisynthetic penicillin antibiotic with an antimicrobial spectrum similar to that of ampicillin.

amoxicillin, amoxycillin

an aminopenicillin, similar in action to ampicillin and susceptible to β-lactamase, but more efficiently absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and with a longer duration of action.

amoxicillin-clavulanic acid
addition of clavulanic acid widens the spectrum of activity and renders amoxicillin resistant to β-lactamase. A widely used antibiotic in dogs and cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Differences in prescribing of aminopenicillins, cephalosporins, and tetracyclines also were observed across age groups.
Resistance data suggest that aminopenicillins are an ineffective treatment option for UTIs across the five major EU markets
Oral and injectable forms of aminopenicillin antibiotics, such as ampicillin, are used routinely in the treatment of a variety of infections.
Analgesics, aminopenicillins, cephalosporins, first-generation antihistamines, acid reducers, herbal and related extracts, and calcium and iron minerals are among the pharmaceutical chemicals expected to fare well on the open market.
On the farm, cases of clinical mastitis were treated with intramammary infusions containing penicillin, aminopenicillins, or cephalosporins.
Resistance has been reported for aminopenicillins, first- and second-generation cephalosporins, cephamycins, most aminoglycosides, and tetracyclines, among others.
Selected warfarin-antibiotic interactions and level of supporting evidence (a) Antibiotic Strength of evidence Type of evidence/comment Sulfonamides ++++ TMP-SMX probably has largest effect of all antibiotics Fluoroquinolones +++ More than 65 case reports of potentiation with ciprofloxacin Increasing evidence of levofloxacin interaction Penicillins/ Minimal evidence for penicillin cephalosporins +++ or cephalosporins Stronger evidence for potentiation by aminopenicillins (b) Strongest evidence for reduction in INR by synthetic penicillins (c) Macrolides ++ Strongest for erythromycin, which changes warfarin metabolism Retrospective analysis of azithromycin did not show clinically significant interaction (a) TMP-SMX, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; INR, international normalized ratio.
Analgesics, aminopenicillins, cephalosporins, first-generation antihistamines, acid reducers, herbal and related extracts and calcium and iron minerals are among the pharmaceutical chemicals expected to fare well on the open market.
For respiratory tract infections the recommended higher doses of parenteral penicillin and aminopenicillins will still provide more than adequate cover for these resistant pneumococcal infections.
1,2) The most common medications reported with TEN include sulfonamide antibiotics, aminopenicillins, anticonvulsants, oxicam nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and allopurinol.
baumannii to antimicrobial drugs commonly used at that time, among them aminopenicillins, ureidopenicillins, first and second-generation cephalosporins, cephamycins, most aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, and tetracyclines (19).
hermanii is naturally resistant to aminopenicillins and carbenicillin; this strain was susceptible to thirdgeneration cephalosporins, carbapenems, cotrimoxazole, and quinolones and resistant to aminoglycosides.