peanut

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peanut

A species of legume, Arachis hypogaea, which is high in protein, energy and nutritional value, and rich in niacin, antioxidants, resveratrol and coenzyme Q10.
 
Emergency
Peanuts are a very common cause of foreign-body aspirates, and represent about 10% of all symptomatic foreign material retrieved by endoscopy of children.
  
Immunology
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of death from food allergy; 150/year die in the US from food allergies.

Metabolism
Peanuts contain oxalates that can crystallise in the form of kidney and gallstones, and should be avoided by those with kidney or gallbladder disease.
 
Toxicology
Peanuts are susceptible to mould and the frequently occurring presence of aflatoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus.

peanut

(pē′nŭt″)
An oily herb of the legume family, Arachis hypogaea, whose seeds are consumed for their nutritional value and whose oil, derived from the seeds, is used in cooking.

peanut

seed kernels of the plant Arachis hypogaea cultivated as a commercial crop. Made into peanut meal after the oil is extracted. The kernels and meal are subject to fungal growth and may cause aflatoxicosis. Called also groundnut.

peanut hulls
a source of supplementary fiber in manufactured pet foods; it is high in lignin.
peanut meal
residue after the extraction of peanut oil; a high protein (40 to 50%) feed supplement; low in methionine, lysine and tryptophan. May be mixed with hulls when it becomes of less value because of the high (30%) of fiber.
peanut oil
a refined fixed oil extracted from peanuts; used as a solvent for drugs.

Patient discussion about peanut

Q. does being allergic to peanuts mean you can’t eat peanuts as a whole nut? Or should you avoid spreads, cookies, cornflakes etc. as well.

A. people allergic to peanuts are, most of the times, a very severely allergic people. it has an astounding reaction that can lead to death because of specks of peanuts in a cookie.

More discussions about peanut
References in periodicals archive ?
Metodos de introducao do amendoim forrageiro em pastagens ja estabelecidas no Acre.
No medio de Sobrevivencia plantas vivas (%) Fator Average no of Survival Factor living plants (%) Especie Species Maku 20,25 81 Greater lotus Amendoim forrageiro 22,62 90,48 Forage peanut Missioneira gigante 21,50 86 A.
A variabilidade observada nos valores de materia seca desaparecida das leguminosas deve-se as caracteristicas de cada especie, com destaque para a baixa producao de massa de forragem do trevo branco no inicio do inverno e pela baixa participacao do amendoim forrageiro pela influencia das geadas.
Com relacao a taxa de acumulo de materia seca das leguminosas, observa-se que a maior producao do trevo branco ocorreu entre setembro e dezembro e, para o amendoim forrageiro, entre outubro e abril (Tabelas 2 e 3).
Houve diferenca (p < 0,05) na taxa de acumulo da pastagem total em cinco dos 11 pastejos realizados durante todo o periodo experimental, e, em quatro, os valores foram maiores no sistema constituido por amendoim forrageiro, assim como na media do periodo estival.
O acumulo diario de materia seca de lamina foliar do capim-elefante foi similar entre os tratamentos, na maioria dos pastejos (Tabelas 2 e 3), sendo de 5,67 e 6,11 kg no periodo hibernal e de 40,11 e 42,38 kg no periodo estival para os sistemas constituidos por trevo branco e amendoim forrageiro, respectivamente.
Qualidades fisica e fisiologica de sementes de amendoim submetidas a gesso agricola: I.
Efeito da aplicacao de calcario e gesso na qualidade de sementes de amendoim.
ou seja, isolados de RBN de amendoim, feijao e soja, no que diz respeito a AFD das plantas nos tres experimentos.
Este efeito positivo, no entanto, nao se comprovou no segundo experimento, no qual embora se observasse diferenca entre os agentes de biocontrole (RBN de amendoim, feijao e soja) para as variaveis TECS e MSR, nao houve diferenca significativa para nenhuma das variaveis entre as plantas submetidas aos agentes de biocontrole (C/Bioc) e sem os agentes de biocontrole (S/Bioc), o mesmo ocorrendo para o terceiro experimento no que diz respeito a MSA e TECS (Tabela 2).
Observando-se os grupos de agentes de biocontrole (amendoim, feijao e soja), o grupo de isolados de RBN do feijao proporcionou maior acumulo de TECS das plantas de soja, quando comparado ao grupo do amendoim no primeiro e no segundo experimento (Tabela 3).