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alpha

 [al´fah]
the first letter of the Greek alphabet, α; used to denote the first position in a classification system; as, in names of chemical compounds, to distinguish the first in a series of isomers, or to indicate the position of substituent atoms or groups; also used to distinguish types of radioactive decay, brain waves or rhythms, adrenergic receptors, and secretory cells that stain with acid dyes, such as the alpha cells of the pancreas.
alpha-adrenergic blocking agent (alpha-blocker) (alpha-blocking agent) any of a group of drugs that selectively inhibit the activity of alpha receptors in the sympathetic nervous system. As with beta-adrenergic blocking agents, alpha-blocking agents compete with the catecholamines at peripheral autonomic receptor sites. This group includes ergot and its derivatives, and phentolamine.
alpha chain disease the most common heavy chain disease, occurring predominantly in young adults in the Mediterranean area, and characterized by plasma cell infiltration of the lamina propria of the small intestine resulting in malabsorption with diarrhea, abdominal pain, and weight loss, or, exceedingly rarely, by pulmonary involvement. The gastrointestinal form is immunoproliferative small intestine disease.
alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) a plasma protein produced by the fetal liver, yolk sac, and gastrointestinal tract and also by hepatocellular carcinoma, germ cell neoplasms, and other cancers in adults; elevated levels may also be seen in benign liver disease such as cirrhosis and viral hepatitis. The serum AFP level is used to monitor the effectiveness of cancer treatment.

During pregnancy some AFP crosses from the amniotic fluid to the mother's blood. If the fetus has a neural tube defect, large amounts of AFP will be found in the amniotic fluid and maternal blood. Blood screening tests for serum AFP can thus be done as a first step in the screening process; if test results are positive, further testing is indicated to diagnose the defect.
alpha particles a type of emission produced by the disintegration of a radioactive substance. The atoms of radioactive elements such as uranium and radium are very unstable, continuously breaking apart with explosive violence and emitting particulate and nonparticulate types of radiation. The alpha particles, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, have an electrical charge and form streams of tremendous energy when they are released from the disintegrating atoms. These streams of energy (alpha rays) can be used in treatment of various malignancies. See also radiation and radiation therapy.

α

1. First letter of the Greek alphabet, alpha (α), used as a classifier in the nomenclature of many sciences.
3. In chemistry, denotes the first in a series, a position immediately adjacent to a carboxyl group, the first of a series of closely related compounds, an aromatic substituent on an aliphatic chain, or the direction of a chemical bond away from the viewer.
4. Abbreviation for alpha particle.
5. In chemistry, symbol for angle of optic rotation; degree of dissociation. For terms beginning with this prefix, see the specific term.

[α]


al·pha

(al'fă), The spelling alpha is used in chemical names, the spelling alfa in pharmaceutical names.
First letter of the Greek alphabet, α.

α

/α/ (alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet) heavy chain of IgA; α chain of hemoglobin.

alpha

/al·pha/ (al´fah) α, the first letter of the Greek alphabet; see also α-.

alpha

[al′fə]
A, α, the first letter of the Greek alphabet. It is commonly used as a scientific notation, denoting the position of an atom in a molecule, identifying a nuclear particle, or designating a particular physiological rhythm. For example, it is used in chemical nomenclature to distinguish one variation in a chemical compound from others.

ALPHA

Abbreviation for:
Access to Learning for the Public Health Agenda (Medspeak-UK)
Agenda for Leadership in Programs for Healthcare Accreditation (obsolete)
Antenatal Psychosocial Health Assessment

α

Abbreviation for alpha.

al·pha

(α) (al'fă)
1. First letter of the Greek alphabet; used as a classifier in the nomenclature of many sciences.
3. chemistry Denotes the first in a series, a position immediately adjacent to a carboxyl group, the first of a series of closely related compounds, an aromatic substituent on an aliphatic chain, or the direction of a chemical bond away from the viewer.
4. Alpha (α) particle.
5. chemistry Symbol for angle of optic rotation; degree of dissociation.

alpha,

n a Greek letter symbolized by α. See also Greek letters.

alpha

the first letter of the Greek alphabet, A or α; used to denote the first position in a classification system; as, in names of chemical compounds, to distinguish the first in a series of isomers, or to indicate the position of substituent atoms or groups; also used to distinguish types of radioactive decay, brain waves or rhythms, adrenergic receptors, and secretory cells that stain with acid dyes, such as the alpha cells of the pancreas.

alpha-adrenergic antagonist
see alpha-blocking agents (below).
alpha-blocking agents
a group of drugs that selectively inhibit the activities of alpha receptors in the sympathetic nervous system. As with beta-blocking agents, alpha-adrenergic blocking agents compete with the catecholamines at peripheral autonomic receptor sites. This group includes ergot and its derivatives, and phenotolamine.
alpha brain waves
human brain-wave currents during electroencephalography having a frequency of approximately 8 to 13 hertz (pulsations per second), best seen when patient's eyes are closed and the patient is physically relaxed. See also electroencephalography.
alpha cells
glucagon-producing cells of the pancreas.
alpha-hemolysin
see alpha hemolysis.
alpha hemolysis
see alpha hemolysis.
alpha particles
a type of emission produced by the disintegration of a radioactive substance. The atoms of radioactive elements such as uranium and radium are very unstable; they are continuously breaking apart with explosive violence and emitting particulate and nonparticulate types of radiation. The alpha particles, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, have an electrical charge and form streams of tremendous energy when they are released from the disintegrating atoms. These streams of energy (alpha rays) are used to advantage in the treatment of various malignancies. See also radiation and radiotherapy.
alpha-responsive sympathomimetic drugs
drugs which cause vasoconstriction and maintain correct vascular permeability.
alpha-sheet
α-sheet a common structural feature of many proteins in which a single polypeptide chain turns regularly about itself to make a rigid cylinder in which each peptide bond is regularly hydrogen-bonded to other peptide bonds elsewhere in the chain.
alpha toxin
the toxins of many bacteria are classified as alpha, beta, etc.