Alcaligenes xylosoxidans


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Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

a bacterial species isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bronchial washings, urine, pus, and wounds. The subspecies subsp. xylosoxidans colonizes patients with cystic fibrosis and entubated patients.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

An aerobic, motile, oxidase and catalase positive, nonfermentative gram-negative environmental bacillus which colonises moist areas in hospitals and the GI and respiratory tracts of patients with cystic fibrosis.
Mode of transmission Contaminated fluids (e.g., IV, haemodialysis, irrigation, disinfectants).
Clinical findings Bacteraemia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, wound infections, upper respiratory infections, occurring in immune compromised hosts, or in nosocomial outbreaks.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis and in other health care associated infections in patients with immunosuppressing or malignant illnesses. Synonym: Achromobacter xylosoxidans
See also: Alcaligenes
References in periodicals archive ?
Infection by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp, xylosoxidans in neutropenic patients.
Investigation of an outbreak of wound infections due to Alcaligenes xylosoxidans transmitted by chlorhexidine in a burns unit.
Alcaligenes xylosoxidans bacteremia: clinical features and microbiological characteristic of isolates.
Investigation of an outbreak due to Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subspecies xylosoxidans by random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis.
A pseudoepidemic of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans attributable to contaminated saline.
PHA depolymerase activities for Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp.
Table 1: Vmax and Km for Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp.
4 d (mean [+ or -] SD) Ibuprofen treatment 5 2 Insulin treatment 4 13 Systemic steroids 3 10 treatment Inhaled steroids 26 70 treatment Pseudomonas aeruginosa 40 94 Staphylococcus aureus 18 58 Aspergillus 28 31 Allergic 3 3 bronchopulmonary aspergillosis Haemophillus influenza 3 24 Alcaligenes xylosoxidans 0 5 Klebsiella pneumoniae 3 4 Stenotrophomonas 2 3 maltophilia Parameter p value Adjusted OR Age, y 0.