Alcaligenes faecalis


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Alcaligenes faecalis

A bacillus which is a motile, non-nitrate reducing, oxidase positive, catalase positive, and citrate positive gram-negative obligate aerobe that colonises humid areas in hospitals and may transiently colonise the skin.
Mode of transmission Contaminated medical devices and fluids (e.g., venous lines, haemodialysis, irrigation, disinfectants); often a contaminant. A faecalis may be isolated from blood, sputum, and urine, especially in immunocompromised hosts.

Alcaligenes faecalis

Acaligenes odorans, Pseudomonas odorans Bacteriology An environmental bacterium which colonizes moist areas in hospitals and may transiently colonize the skin Mode of transmission Contaminated medical devices and fluids–eg, IV, hemodialysis, irrigation, disinfectants; often a contaminant, A faecalis may be isolated from blood, sputum, and urine, especially in immunocompromised hosts

Al·ca·lig·e·nes fae·ca·lis

(al-kă-lij'ĕ-nēz fē-kā'lis)
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfermenting bacteria (family Achromobacteraceae) that are either motile and peritrichous or nonmotile. They are strictly aerobic; some strains are capable of anaerobic respiration in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; their metabolism is respiratory, never fermentative; they do not use carbohydrates. Found mostly in the intestinal canal, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems; occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia.
[alkali + G. -gen, producing]

Alcaligenes faecalis

A species normally found in the human intestine. It has been associated with hospital-acquired septicemia and urinary tract infections.
See also: Alcaligenes
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Strains of Alcaligenes faecalis from clinical material.
Unusual causes of peritonitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient: Alcaligenes faecalis and Pantoea agglomerans.
1a-b) showed that isolate SMK was Bacillus licheniformis (accesson number KR052006) while AQ-1 as Alcaligenes faecalis (accession number KR052007).
In the previous study, the strain Alcaligenes faecalis GPA-1 had been reported to be alkaliphilic, showing good growth at pH extremes 9.
1993), senala a Alcaligenes faecalis como un microorganismo heterotrofico encontrado comunmente en suelos y aguas, responsable de la mayor emision de gases de nitrogeno en suelos anaerobios, se ha reportado participando significativamente en procesos de nitrificacion, desnitrificacion y en la fijacion de nitrogeno, procesos importantes para la descomposicion de materia organica y fertilidad del suelo.
Predicted microbial numbers of Alcaligenes faecalis VITSIM2 (a) control (b) [Cr.
Interaction between diazotrophic bacteria Alcaligenes faecalis and host plant rice.
The blast query revealed that this gene is 98% homologous to Bacillus pumilus (Cr1), 100% homologous to Alcaligenes faecalis (Cr2) and 98% homologous to Staphylococcus sp.
Using sequencing of part of the 16S rDNA, the eight new isolates were identified as Acinetobacter (two strains), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Bacillus cereus, Enterobacter hormaechei, Pantoae agglomerans and Alcaligenes faecalis.
It could degrade benzene (56%), toluene (59%) ethylbenzene (55%) and o-xylene (54%) when compared to Alcaligenes faecalis MVSV7 that degraded BTEX only upto 21, 27, 33 and 36% respectively.
PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase production in an Alcaligenes faecalis clinical isolate resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins and monobactams from a hospital in Northern Italy.
In this context, the aim of this study was to determine the rate of hydrocarbon contamination decline by bacteria Alcaligenes faecalis.