Alcaligenes


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Alcaligenes

 [al″kah-lij´ĕ-nēz]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria, found in the intestines of vertebrates, as part of the normal skin flora, and in dairy products. Occasionally it causes opportunistic infections, A. faeca´lis being a cause of nosocomial septicemia in immunocompromised patients.

Alcaligenes

(al-kā-lij'en-ēz),
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfermenting bacteria (family Achromobacteraceae) that are either motile and peritrichous or nonmotile. They are strictly aerobic; some strains are capable of anaerobic respiration in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; their metabolism is respiratory, never fermentative; they do not use carbohydrates. Found mostly in the intestinal canal, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems; occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia. Type species is Alcaligenes faecalis.
[alkali + G. -gen, producing]

Alcaligenes

/Al·ca·lig·e·nes/ (al″kah-lij´ĕ-nēz) a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of uncertain affiliation, found in the intestines of vertebrates and as part of the normal skin flora, and occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections. A. faeca´lis causes nosocomial septicemia, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in immunocompromised patients.

Alcaligenes

an environmental gram-negative bacillus that can be found in the GI tract of humans and that can cause nosocomial infections in the compromised host.

Al·ca·lig·e·nes

(al-kā-lij'en-ēz)
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfermenting bacteria that are either motile and peritrichous or nonmotile. Found mostly in the intestinal canal, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems; occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia. Type species is A. faecalis.
[alkali + G. -gen, producing]

Alcaligenes

a genus of saprophytic obligately aerobic bacilli occasionally found in the intestines of vertebrates or in dairy products and sometimes in nosocomial infections. A. fecalis is now called Bordetella avium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Characterization of Alcaligenes faecalis GPA-1 producing thermostable extracellular a-amylase Res.
invicta varias especies de bacterias representadas en los generos Myroides, Brevibacterium, Sphingobacterium, Alcaligenes, Stenotrophomonas, entre otras y las relacionaron con la posible funcion de proporcionar nutrientes a las hormigas al estar implicadas en la sintesis de aminoacidos a partir de fuentes ricas en carbohidratos y nitratos.
Development of a lipase fermentation process that uses a recombinant Pseudomonas alcaligenes strain.
7) On the other hand, despite its relatively low prevalence Alcaligenes (formerly Achromobacter) xylosoxidans is an important cause of infection in CL wearers.
Extracellular PHB depolymerase has been isolated from different bacteria as Alcaligenes faecalis, Rhodospirillum rubrum, B.
Synthesis and degradation of polyhydroxyalkanoates in Alcaligenes eutrophus.
Many organisms have been associated with respiratory infections, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Burkholderia cepacia, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, Burkholderia gladioli, Proteus spp.
2 Enterobacter aglomerans 1 Alcaligenes xiloxosidans 1 Gram positives Meticilin R Stahylococcus 4 aureus Meticilin S.
Alcaligenes and members of the family Enterobacteriaceae were isolated from all the samples while Moraxella and Micrococcus were isolated from only one sample.
Cohnii Staphylococcus kloosii 03 Alcaligenes faecalis 02 Corynebacterium durum 02 Enterobacter aerogenes 02 Enterococcus faecium 02 Proteus mirabilis 02 Proteus vulgaris 02 Staphylococcus simulans 02 Edwardsiella hoshinae 01 Enterobacter cloacae 01 Staphylococcus capitis 01 subsp.