In the decades following passage of Aid to Dependent Children, state and local governments increasingly passed rules that linked welfare with wage-earning.
Title IV included provisions for Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) and specifically authorized funds for the support of families "who have been deprived of parental support or care by reason of the death, continued absence from the home, or physical or mental incapacity of a parent.
The creation of categorical aid to dependent children complicated policy for female-headed families.
Between 1935 and the early 1960s, state governments contested, challenged, and changed the meaning of "parental support" in Aid to Dependent Children.
The most helpful overview of Aid to Dependent Children may be found in Linda Gordon, Pitied But Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare (New York, 1994).
II (Chicago, 1938), 229, cited in Winifred Bell, Aid to Dependent Children (New York, 1965), 6.
Yvonne Zylan, "Constructing the Patriarchal Welfare State: Aid to Dependent Children and the Politics of Gender, 1945-1960.
Aid to Dependent Children was renamed Aid to Families with Dependent Children in the 1962 revisions.