Estimating Agglomeration Economies
with History, Geology, and Worker Effects.
1985: Agglomeration economies
in urban manufacturing industries: A case of Japanese cities.
3) It is arguable that the agglomeration economies
that made, say, Detroit attractive to automotive entrepreneurs also gave rise to site-specific quasi-rents that unions could extract with only marginal effects.
However, from the late 1980s onwards, the return of globalisation processes with a vengeance was characterised by rapidly falling international and domestic spatial transactions costs (OECD, 2008b), increasing mutual openness between countries, increased international labour mobility, and a much greater importance for agglomeration economies
However, as population increases further, agglomeration economies
set in that further outweigh the increase in the cost of land and we see costs falling significantly till we reach a population of 0.
Like for profit studies, I find evidence of within-industry agglomeration economies
and, to a lesser extent, a negative relation between outside-industry concentration and location.
Even though previous studies have provided invaluable information on FIRE concentration, specialization and change across Canada, the potential influence of agglomeration economies
on FIRE specialization has not been explicitly addressed.
Nachum (2000) demonstrates that location advantages and agglomeration economies
simultaneously affect FDI location within the United States.
In particular, we find no evidence of agglomeration economies
in the high-tech electronics industries (which suggests either that such effects are not present or that they are confined to a smaller number of local labour market areas than are covered here).
(AGGLOM): Manufacturing production generally could become more efficient due to agglomeration economies
that result from existing manufacturing activities locating in close proximity.
The estimates of the three sub-periods show similar results for the coefficients of agglomeration economies
with significantly expected signs and R&D with insignificance.
Further, he acknowledges that a premium results from agglomeration economies
after construction of a mall is completed, but that "this increment represents exactly the market value of the factors of its production (i.