afferent

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Related to Afferents: Afferent fibers, afferent pathway

afferent

 [af´er-ent]
1. conveying toward a center; called also centripetal. See also efferent and corticipetal.
2. something that so conducts, as an afferent fiber or nerve.
afferent loop syndrome chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain, and nausea following ingestion of food.

af·fer·ent

(af'ĕr-ĕnt), Do not confuse this word with efferent. Avoid the mispronunciation ā'fe-rent, sometimes adopted to emphasize the contrast with efferent.
Inflowing; conducting toward a center, denoting certain arteries, veins, lymphatics, and nerves. Opposite of efferent.
Synonym(s): centripetal (1) , esodic
[L. afferens, fr. af-fero, to bring to]

afferent

/af·fer·ent/ (af´er-ent)
1. conveying toward a center.
2. something that so conducts, such as a fiber or nerve.

afferent

(ăf′ər-ənt)
adj.
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that conduct impulses from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord.

af′fer·ent·ly adv.

afferent

[af′ərənt]
Etymology: L, ad + ferre, to carry
proceeding toward a center, as applied to arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels, and nerves. Compare efferent.

Afferent

adjective Referring to the centripetal movement of blood or nerve impulses—e.g., through the veins toward the heart, or nerves to the brain.
noun A blood vessel or nerve that centripetally conveys flow or an impulse.

afferent

adjective
1. Conveying or transmitting.
2. Referring to the movement of blood or nerve impulses centrally–eg, through vessels toward the heart, or nerves to the brain, Cf Efferent.

af·fer·ent

(af'ĕr-ĕnt)
Inflowing; conducting toward a center, denoting certain arteries, veins, lymphatics, and nerves. Opposite of efferent
Synonym(s): centripetal (1) .
[L. afferens, fr. af-fero, to bring to]

afferent

Directed toward a central organ or part, as in the case of sensory nerves that carry impulses to the spinal cord and brain.

Afferent

Refers to peripheral nerves that transmit signals to the spinal cord and the brain. These nerves carry out sensory function.
Mentioned in: Peripheral Neuropathy

afferent

means 'going towards'. Describes nerves that carry impulses towards the central nervous system, or to relay stations outside it, from neural receptors (e.g. sensory nerves from the skin, those conveying proprioceptive information from muscles and joints or visceral afferents from internal organs). Also describes blood or lymph vessels in which flow is towards some point of reference, e.g. afferent arterioles to the glomeruli of the kidney. Opposite of efferent.

afferent 

Carrying from the periphery to the central or the main structure. See efferent.

af·fer·ent

(af'ĕr-ĕnt)
Inflowing; conducting toward a center. Opposite of efferent.
Synonym(s): centripetal (1) .
[L. afferens, fr. af-fero, to bring to]

afferent (af´ərənt),

adj conveying from a periphery to a center.
afferent impulse,
n an impulse that arises in the periphery and is carried into the central nervous system. An afferent nerve conducts the impulse from the site of origin to the central nervous system.
afferent nerves,
n.pl See nerves, afferent, in pulp. See also afferent impulse.
afferent nervous system,
n. the sensory nerves, a subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Afferent nerves receive sensory input.

afferent

conducting toward a center or specific site of reference; incoming.

afferent arterioles
branches of the interlobular arteries of the kidney that supply the glomerular capillaries of the renal corpuscle.
afferent loop syndrome
chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain and nausea following ingestion of food.
afferent nerve
any nerve that transmits impulses from the periphery toward the central nervous system. See also neuron, afferent nerve fibers (below).
afferent nerve fibers
nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system carrying information to the brain and spinal cord. Their cell bodies are in ganglia and their telodendria in the central nervous system.
afferent nervous activity
the number of afferent nerve fibers that are activated by the stimulus. This depends on the number of receptive fields that are included in the zone being stimulated.
afferent system
the collective sensory fibers from all parts of the body.

Patient discussion about afferent

Q. where do depression comes from?

A. from the deep and dark corners of the soul... depression today is considered an mental illness with fatalities. the causes usually a tragedy or misshapes in life that makes you fill worthless and can even lead to suicidal thoughts. it's a curable condition our days.

Q. where do depression comes from?

A. Depression is very common, and at least 16% of the population is said to experience an episode of depression at least once in their life. It is known that genetic predisposition has a lot to do with developing depression and other psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, but the exact gene is unknown and some triggers may influence a person to have a depressive episode even if there is no one in their family who is suffering from it (for instance- stress, work and needing to deal with trauma or distress).

Q. How come it’s possible? my child with autism is undergoing different therapies for many years……recently I got the information that he may have got autism by maternal antibodies ……how come it’s possible?

A. There are many triggering reasons for autism like metabolic, genetic, and environmental. Now it can also get triggered by maternal antibodies. The maternal antibodies which crosses the placenta, can affect the brain tissue of the fetus which can adversely affect the baby`s brain development & cause autism.

More discussions about afferent
References in periodicals archive ?
Synbiotic nourishment research by Bengmark supports my earlier synbiotic nutrient research on the importance of biomolecular nutrient and cell polarity formats that are critical to adequately nourish stem cell niches, the gut habitat, and afferent regenerative functions.
The mean peak frequency was within the range known to activate somatosensory afferents at approximately 80 Hz [1-3].
In the first experiment, they recorded afferent responses to a variety of frequencies in rhesus macaques, whose tactile nervous system closely resembles humans.
In this study, we demonstrated that non-invasive sacral nerve stimulation using TAMS reduced CGRP content at L6 DRG which may therefore explain the modulatory effect on the C- fibre afferents supplying the urinary bladder.
Theoretically, the induction of Ia discharge is necessary to induce effective attenuation of the Ia afferents.
1]) receptors have been found in some vestibular afferents.
Neural signals from primary afferents in three rhesus monkeys were recorded during rotational motion using a 3-axis system.
However, our FES+RTT system was not engineered with as much intent to produce a certain gait trajectory during training; rather, the primary goal of our design was to time FES of the TA to coincide with afferent feedback that was naturally generated during WSTT in an attempt to reinforce this afferent activity.
Le nouveau dispositif s'articulera autour de la consolidation de la gouvernance dans ce domaine a travers la compilation des mesures de repression eparpillees dans les textes juridiques y afferents, l'unification et la simplification des procedures de controle et de repression, l'elargissement des attributions des controleurs tout en les dotant des moyens juridiques et materiels pour s'acquitter des missions de veille, de detection et d'anticipation des infractions par voie de procedures administratives ou juridiques en leur accordant la latitude d'enclencher une information judiciaire.
Lors d'une conference de presse a l'issue de sa rencontre avec le Premier Ministre Kamal El-Ganzouri et le Grand Imam d'Al-Azhar, Dr Ahmed El-Tayeb, l'abbe Bakhomios a souligne que l'entretien avait porte sur le veritable concept de la democratie, et la necessite de la contribution de toutes les categories du peuple aux problemes afferents au citoyen.
21) Desensitized afferents are common in today's toxic world, creating an efferent-afferent imbalance that accelerates aging, clouds thoughts, decreases our range of motion, restricts the spine, and forces us into a mode of compensatory, abnormal physiology.
The pathology becomes further confounding with the coexistence of both neurogenic and myogenic causes in OAB patients who suffer from urine leakage into the proximal urethra, which can then lead to either physical or chemical stimulation of urethral afferents mediated by the static presence of urine in urethra.