In vitro phagocytosis of a bacterial pathogen, Aerococcus viridans, is reduced in lobsters when temperatures are at 22[degrees]C and higher (Steenbergen et al.
Lobsters from eastern Long Island Sound (LIS) were injected with Aerococcus viridans vat homari, a pathogen that causes a disease known as gaffkemia.
9 Non-hemolytic streptococcus 6 Enterobacter aerogenes 5 Klebsiella pneumoniae 5 Candida 4 Proteus mirabilis 3 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2 Yeast 2 Miscellaneous * <10 * Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumanii complex, Aerococcus
, alpha and beta hemolytic Streptococcus, Citrobacter, Morganella morganii, Providentia stuartii, Salmonella enteritidis, Serratia marcescens Table 2.
Hiroshi Shiraki for H-ficolin, L-ficolin, MBL antibodies/ antigens and the polysaccharide from Aerococcus
Four bacterial strains were investigated: Aerococcus
To the Editor: We report the first case of Aerococcus
viridans bacteremia in a patient with HIV infection.
Plasma enzyme activity was not a sensitive test for detecting infection with Aerococcus
viridans (gaffkemia) during an experimental trial.
Laboratory experiments demonstrated that lobsters exposed to the combined effects of ammonia, sulfides and low dissolved oxygen were increasingly susceptible to microbial infection from the pathogen, Aerococcus
viridans, at normal summer temperatures (Robohm et al.
It is nevertheless interesting to notice that of the two best characterized lobster bacterial diseases, gaffkemia caused by the gram-positive Aerococcus
viridans (Steenbergen et al.
Histopathology of Aerococcus
viridans var homari infection (gaffkemia) in the lobster Homarus americanus, and a comparison with histological reactions to a gram-negative species, Pseudomonas perolens.
Phylogenetic analysis of bacteria isolated from the lesions showed no typical bacterial pathogens of lobsters such as Aerococcus
viridans or Vibrio fluvialis.
1992), clearly separating hypoxia from effects of other biogeochemicals, to physiology by utilizing a modified heart monitor (Jury & Watson 2000), or to diseases beyond Aerococcus