Adolescent Depression

Adolescent Depression

A common "disease" of teenagers, which is 2 times more common in girls, and generally regarded as a normal reaction ("To be normal during adolescence is by itself abnormal" –Anna Freud) to the stress of maturation, the influence of hormone and conflicts of independence with parents, which may be exacerbated by the death of a close friend or relative, a breakup with a boy- or girlfriend, failure at school.
Clinical findings Appetite changes (usually decreased, sometimes increased), loss of concentration, indecisiveness, episodic memory loss, fatigue, restlessness and irritability, low self-esteem, discouragement, hopelessness, sadness, loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities, suicide or suicidal ideation, changed sleep patterns—too much or too little sleep.
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Cohort studies have made it possible to evaluate whether depression in adolescence and childhood predicts later cannabis use--the reverse causation hypothesis--and, "with few exceptions, [these] studies have failed to find a significant association between child and adolescent depression, and later-onset cannabis use," he said.
The public health impact of socioeconomic status on adolescent depression and obesity.
We try to reprocess these distorted ideas," he explained, noting that he has diagnosed cases of post-traumatic stress and adolescent depression.
It is hoped that talks on Child and Adolescent Depression by Dr Jalpa Bhuta, Wadia Hospital, Critic Care, Suicide Prevention Workshop by Johnson Thomas of sra, an NGO, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder by Dr Hozefa Bhinderwala, Saifee Hospital, and Music Therapy sessions and a skit on schizophrenia enacted by Mann's Team will impart an open attitude to mental health.
The first chapter sets the stage by explaining why adolescent depression is an issue for primary care clinicians.
info/tools ADOLESCENT DEPRESSION SCREENING TOOL Depression can affect young people too, but the symptoms can be difficult to spot.
However, a new clinical research study, called STEADi (Study To Evaluate an Adolescent Depression Investigational drug), is now seeking patients to evaluate the safety of an investigational drug and to see if it works for adolescents who have MDD.
Also, adolescent depression was strongly predictive of migraine headaches and low self-rated health as a young adult.
Although findings on the continuity of child depression and adult depression are mixed, research has found strong evidence demonstrating the continuity of adolescent depression into adulthood (Weissman et al.
With respect to the possible underlying mechanisms, in literature there is evidence that illustrates the relationship between childhood and adolescent depression and the relationships with parents.
For example, the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS; Reynolds 1986), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, Ward, Mendelson, Mock, and Erbaugh 1961), Children's Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs 1980), and Depression Scale of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies (CES-D; Radloff 1977; CES-DC; Weissman, Orvaschel, and Padian 1980) are examples of frequently used self-report scales to assess depressive symptomatology.
I have had a number of responses to my article, in the September issue of Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand (see pp22-24), detailing cognitive behaviour treatment of adolescent depression, which is heartening.

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