adipocyte

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Related to Adipose cells: adipose stem cells, Connective tissue cells, Bone cells

adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additional experiments, however, are needed to determine the mechanisms by which these preparations decrease the insulin resistance induced by TNF-[alpha] in adipose cells and whether they can remedy the insulin resistance induced by other agents.
The fact that adipose cells can now be reprogrammed without the use of contaminating feeder cells means we are one step closer to being able to use these cells in the clinic," said Dr.
CONCLUSIONS: Both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that adipose cells were targets of AhR ligands and suggest that inflammation is one of the main regulated pathways.
Adipose cells can also fall victim to trauma during harvesting.
By influencing the betaadrenergic receptors in the adipose cells, it is possible to induce increased synthesis of fatty acids and glycerol, which is a prerequisite for increased heat release.
Adipose tissue is a known target for RA, and retinoid receptors belonging to the two different subfamilies (RAR and RXR) are expressed in rat adipose tissue and mouse 3T3-L1 adipose cells (Haq and Chytil, 1991; Kamei et al.
1) Renal angiomyolipoma is one of these benign tumors, classically a triphasic tumor with varying amounts of myoid spindle cells, adipose cells, and dysmorphic vessels.
The ability to control the amount (dose) and time to form adipose cells provides a drug discovery approach that is directly relevant to human physiology.
The adipose cells should gradually break down and be reabsorbed, leading to a reduced volume of visceral fat with a subsequent decrease of insulin resistance.
New insulin sensitisers produce differentiation of brown-like adipose cells from a subcutaneous fat depot and increase secretion of adiponectin in vitro W.
During development, some groups of stem cells will go on to become adipose cells - the large globular cells that store and metabolise fats from our diets.