adipocyte

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Related to Adipocytes: Preadipocytes

adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
More directed differentiation of ESCs to the adipocyte lineage occurred upon the addition of 0.
Fully differentiated adipocytes and myotubes were washed twice with PBS and incubated at 37[degrees]C with serum-free, supplemented DMEM containing 0.
Adipocytes also secrete numerous lipid and protein factors and are considered to constitute a major endocrine organ.
Follow-up experiments showed that IRX3 and IRX5 act as master controllers of a process known as thermogenesis, whereby adipocytes dissipate energy as heat, instead of storing it as fat.
Analyses of adipocyte populations separated by cell size show that larger adipocytes have higher basal and stimulated rates oflipolysis.
However, in mice fed a HF diet long term, the hop extract reduced obesity, adipose tissue weight and adipocyte hyperplasia.
During the cold exposure, the mice formed brown adipocytes in their white fat depots - a process called "britening".
In males, we observed a trend toward reduced numbers of brown adipocytes in all three generations (only significant in F2; Figure 1C), whereas females showed strong changes in the number of cells only in F2 animals (see also Supplemental Material, Figure S2C).
Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR): RT-PCR analysis was done to monitor the expression of activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- PPAR during the programming of EnSCs into adipocytes cell lineage.
Adipocytes are stimulated to increase lipolysis and decreased re-esterification, whereas the opposite is true for nonadipocytes.
In addition to nutrient storage and their effect on body shape, fat cells or adipocytes provide an important cushioning role for visceral organs and the eyeball.
Gokhan Hotamisligil, the chair of Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases at Harvard University, demonstrated that a molecule produced by adipocytes could play a key role in treatment of a number of common diseases such as cancer.