acyl

(redirected from Acylium)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

acyl

 [a´sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group.

ac·yl

(as'il),
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

[ā′sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid via removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group. It is represented as R-CO-.

ac·yl

(as'il)
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.