mediastinitis

(redirected from Acute mediastinitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

mediastinitis

 [me″de-as″tĭ-ni´tis]
inflammation of the mediastinum.
fibrosing mediastinitis (fibrous mediastinitis) mediastinal fibrosis.

me·di·as·ti·ni·tis

(mē'dē-as'ti-nī'tis),
Inflammation of the cellular tissue of the mediastinum.

mediastinitis

/me·di·as·ti·ni·tis/ (-as″tĭ-ni´tis) inflammation of the mediastinum.
fibrosing mediastinitis , fibrous mediastinitis mediastinal fibrosis.

mediastinitis

an inflammation of the mediastinum.

mediastinitis

Inflammation of the mediastinum.

Acute mediastinitis
A fulminant infectious process with a high morbidity and mortality, in which organisms rapidly spread through areolar planes of mediastinum.
 
Aetiology
Traumatic oesophageal perforation, foreign bodies, suture line leakage, post-emetic rupture.
 
Clinical
Chest pain, dysphagia, respiratory distress, cervical-upper thoracic subcutaneous crepitus.
 
Imaging
By chest X-ray (CXR); may be normal early, followed by evidence of mediastinal and subcutaneous air.
 
Management
Aggressive and early with antibiotics; fluid resuscitation; chest tubes for pneumothorax or effusions; thoracotomy and surgical repair.
 
Chronic mediastinitis
A relatively indolent process characterised by chronic (“round cell”) inflammation and fibrosis.
 
Aetiology
Most often the result of a granulomatous process (e.g., TB, histoplasmosis) but may be idiopathic, as in sclerosing mediastinitis.
 
Clinical
Often silent if no oesophageal obstruction occurs.
 
Imaging
CXR; may be normal or mediastinum widened.
 
Management
Thoracotomy to confirm diagnosis or relieve obstruction.

mediastinitis

Surgery Inflammation of the mediastinum. See Mediastinoscopy, Mediastinum.
Mediastinitis
Acute mediastinitis A fulminant infectious process with a high M&M, in which organisms rapidly spread through areolar planes of mediastinum Etiology Traumatic esophageal perforation, foreign bodies, suture line leakage, post-emetic rupture Clinical Chest pain, dysphagia, respiratory distress, cervical-upper thoracic subcutaneous crepitus CXR May be normal early, followed by evidence of mediastinal and subcutaneous air Management Aggressive and early with antibiotics, fluid resuscitation, chest tubes for pneumothorax or effusions, thoracotomy and surgical repair
Chronic mediastinitis A relatively indolent process characterized by chronic–'round cell' inflammation and fibrosis Etiology Most often the result of a granulomatous process, eg TB, histoplasmosis, but may be idiopathic, as in sclerosing mediastinitis Clinical Often silent if no esophageal obstruction occurs CXR May be normal or mediastinum widened Management Thoracotomy to confirm diagnosis or relieve obstruction  

me·di·as·ti·ni·tis

(mē'dē-as'ti-nī'tis)
Inflammation of the cellular tissue of the mediastinum.

mediastinitis

Inflammation of the MEDIASTINUM.

me·di·as·ti·ni·tis

(mē'dē-as'ti-nī'tis)
Inflammation of the cellular tissue of the mediastinum.

mediastinitis

(mē´dēas´tənī´tis),
n an inflammation of the mediastinum.

mediastinitis

inflammation of the mediastinum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute mediastinitis, an infection that has become uncommon since the advent of effective antibiotics, can be primary or secondary.
Acute mediastinitis is a serious infection involving the connective mediastinal tissue and mediastinal organs.

Full browser ?