acute bronchitis


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Related to acute bronchitis: pneumonia

acute bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis

A lower respiratory tract infection—up to 95% of which are viral—which causes reversible bronchial inflammation.
Clinical findings Cough, fever, sputum, wheezing, rhonchi
DiffDx Asthma, aspergillosis, occupational exposure, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, pneumonia
Management Antibiotics rarely shorten course of disease; bronchodilators—e.g., albuterol—may provide symptomatic relief.

acute bronchitis

Pulmonology A lower RTI–up to 95% of which are viral–that causes reversible bronchial inflammation Clinical Cough, fever, sputum, wheezing, rhonchi DiffDx Asthma, aspergillosis, occupational exposure, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, pneumonia Management Antibiotics rarely shorten the course of disease; bronchodilators–eg, albuterol may provide symptomatic relief. See Asthma.

acute bronchitis

1. An infection of the bronchi that may be indistinguishable from the common cold, often associated with repetitive coughing or sputum production. It is usually caused by viruses (particularly rhinoviruses, influenza A or B, parainfluenza, adenoviruses, or respiratory syncytial virus) or less often by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia, streptococci, Haemophilus spp, Moraxella lacunata, Bordetella pertussis, or staphylococci.
2. Noninfectious inflammation of the bronchi caused by exposure to such irritants as dusts, fumes, or pollens.

Patient care

Patients are treated with bedrest, increased fluid intake, and antipyretics and analgesics for comfort. Antibiotics are rarely indicated (even if purulent sputum is present), unless bacterial infection is determined by culture or the symptoms continue for more than 10 days or there is an underlying disease such as congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive lung disease, or an immunodeficiency. Some prolonged cases of acute bronchitis will eventually prove to be caused by pertussis, which will respond to erythromycin-based drugs. A chest x-ray examination to check for pneumonia is indicated when clinically suspected (the presence of severe respiratory symptoms, fever, tachycardia, hypoxia, or abnormal lung sounds).

See also: bronchitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Number of patients with respiratory diseases (pneumonia, acute bronchitis, COPD, asthma and URTI) admitted to emergency department during a two-year period (July 2008 -- June 2010).
On followup after 7 days these patients became asymptomatic, thereby confirming that in 2616 out of 2813 (93%) patients of sore throat 783 out of 833 (94%) patients of acute bronchitis, 307 (100%) patients of common cold and 52 out of 59 (88%) patients of pneumonia, antibiotics were prescribed irrationally by practitioners.
The substantially higher use of antimicrobial drugs for acute bronchitis than for colds or other URIs raises the need for effective interventions to further support physician decision making.
In most cases bronchitis will clear up by itself, usually within a few weeks, and this is known as acute bronchitis.
4 of complications from acute bronchitis in Santa Fe, N.
Radia reportedly expressed inability to appear before the ED saying she was suffering from acute bronchitis.
A postmortem revealed that Mr Holme died of acute bronchitis.
The two-day course deals with defining the confirmed H1N1 cases, the laboratory analysis tests and the importance of not confusing it with similar diseases like the seasonal flu, the acute bronchitis as well as defining the most H1N1-prone age categories, and the cure of influenza after the spread of the seasonal flu.
Traditionally, the women of the colony burn firewood to prepare their meals, resulting in many incidences of respiratory illnesses such as chronic cough and acute bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis generally lasts less than six weeks and does not reoccur with any regularity.

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