Acorus calamus


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sweet flag

A perennial herb, the rhizone of which contains mucilage, sesquiterpenes and volatile oils (azulene, camphor, cineole, eugenol, pinene and others); it is carminative, spasmolytic and mildly sedative.

Chinese medicine
In traditional Chinese medicine, sweet flag has been used for deafness, seizures and vertigo.

Herbal medicine
In Western herbal medicine, sweet flag has been used for fever, gastrointestinal complaints (dyspepsia and flatulence), menstrual disorders, toothache and tobacco addiction.
 
Toxicity
Aserone, one of sweet flag’s volatile oils, is carcinogenic; the FDA has classified sweet flag as “unsafe”.

Acorus calamus,

n See sweet flag.
References in periodicals archive ?
In vitro antifungal activity of azaron isolated from the rhizome extract of Acorus calamus L.
The mechanism of the tranquilizing action of asarone from Acorus calamus Linn.
Acorus Calamus products are available mainly in supermarkets, but also in some specialty teashops.
12 species: Centella asiatica, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Celastrus paniculatus, Eclipta alba, Cynodon dactylon, Asparagus racemosus, Withania somnifera, Nardostachys jatamansi, Acorus calamus, Zingiber officinalis, Vetiveria zizanoides.
Anti-Candida potential of Acorus calamus rhizome and its active principle, [beta]-asarone, was evaluated against the human fungal pathogen, Candida albicans.
grey columns white columns Acorus calamus 8 84 Alkura satirum 1 58 Citrus hystrix 4 37 Curcuma zedoaria 5 104 Eleutherine americana 1 14 Nigella sativa 21 67 Piper chabs 12 19 Piper nigrum 19 115 Zingber cassumunar 29 55 Zingiber officinale 52 111 Fig.
Acorus calamus (sweetflag,)is a perennial herb widely distributed in temperate and subtropical Asia, Europe and North America.
Several reports on the search for natural AChEI has been made from our laboratory including Acorus calamus, Clitoria ternetaea, Andrograpis paniculata, Centella asiatica, Evolvulus alsinoides, Nelwnbo nucifera and Myristica fragrans (Mukherjee et al.
Methanolic extracts of seven herbs Acorus calamus, Acorus gramineus, Bupleurm facaltum, Dioscorea batatas, Epimedium koreanum, Poria cocos and Zizyphi jujuba, used in traditional Korean medicine for improvement of memory and cognition in old age have been tested for cholinesterase inhibitory properties and significant inhibition of the enzyme was shown by extracts from Acorus calamus and E.
powdered rhizomes of Acorus calamus (Mironov, 1943); a mixture of garlic and lemon peel (Catar, 1954), kyuzol (mainly consisting of 1-acetyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline) (Zolotarev, 1959); volatiles from Clausena anisata, Viola and jasmine (Novak, 1973); and (-)-myrtenal, a weaker repellent than DEET (Dautel et al.
Acorus calamus rhizome (ACR), Acorus gramineus rhizome (AGR), Bupleurum falcatum root (BFR), Dioscorea batatas rhizome (DBR), Epimedium koreanum herb (EKH), Sclerotium of the fungus Poria cocos (PCS) and Zizyphi jujuba fruit (ZJF) were dried in sun and purchased from a Korean herbal drugs store in Seoul.