Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

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Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

a bacterial species isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bronchial washings, urine, pus, and wounds. The subspecies subsp. xylosoxidans colonizes patients with cystic fibrosis and entubated patients.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

An aerobic, motile, oxidase and catalase positive, nonfermentative gram-negative environmental bacillus which colonises moist areas in hospitals and the GI and respiratory tracts of patients with cystic fibrosis.
Mode of transmission Contaminated fluids (e.g., IV, haemodialysis, irrigation, disinfectants).
Clinical findings Bacteraemia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, wound infections, upper respiratory infections, occurring in immune compromised hosts, or in nosocomial outbreaks.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis and in other health care associated infections in patients with immunosuppressing or malignant illnesses. Synonym: Achromobacter xylosoxidans
See also: Alcaligenes
References in periodicals archive ?
5% homology with Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain ATCC [9220.
We also recovered a strain of Achromobacter xylosoxidans (betaproteobacteria) and two new Flavobacteriacae related to the Chryseobacterium spp.
Emendation of genus Achromobacler and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb.
The familiar respiratory pathogens in cystic fibrosis are Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but new pathogens including nontuberculous mycobacteria, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Burk-holderia cepacia, and Achromobacter xylosoxidans are evolving.
Genetic and biochemical characterization of a novel metallo-p-lactamase, TMB-1, from an Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain isolated in Tripoli, Libya.
Nosocomial colonization and infection by Achromobacter xylosoxidans.
Outbreak of infection with Achromobacter xylosoxidans from contaminated intravascular pressure transducers.
Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia: report of four cases and review of the literature.
Bacteremia due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans in patients with cancer.
Characteristics of Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia in northern Taiwan.
baumannii (resistant to all penicillins, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, fluoroquinolones, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; sensitive only to colistin); Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (sensitive only to piperacillin-tazobactam); and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (sensitive to piperacillin-tazobactam, imipenem-cilastatin, ciprofloxacin).
Other gram-negative glucose nonfermenters, such as Achromobacter xylosoxidans, B.