Acacia catechu

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Acacia catechu (ä·kä·sē kä·tā·chōō),

n parts used: bark, heartwood extract, gum, shoots, fruits; uses: in Ayurveda balances kapha and pitta doshas (bitter, astringent, light, dry); heartwood: asthma, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery, liver protection, antiinflammatory; bark: ulcers, psoriasis, gum conditions; precautions: none known. Also called
black catechu, cutch tree, khadira, khair, or
terra japonica.
Enlarge picture
Acacia catechu.


a large genus of trees and shrubs of warm, dry regions, belonging to the legume family Mimosaceae, which provides valuable browse for grazing ruminants but also contains some poisonous plants.
Acacia spp. capable of causing cyanide poisoning: A. binerva (A. glaucescens), A. burrowii, A. caffra, A. cheelii (motherumbah), A. concurrens (A. cunninghamii), A. crassa (A. cunninghamii), A. cunninghamii (black wattle), A. erioloba (camel thorn), A. glaucescens (sally wattle), A. gregii (catclaw), A. lasiopetala (A. sieberana), A. leiocalyx (A. melanoxylon), A. longifolia, A. longispicata (A. cunninghamii), A. osswaldii, A. sieberana.

Acacia aneura
see lipofuscinosis. Called also mulga.
Acacia berlandieri
contains tyramine which causes ataxia in sheep and goats. Called also guajillo.
Acacia cana
can accumulate selenium if the soil selenium content is unusually large.
Acacia catechu
cyanogenic plant. See catechu.
Acacia erioloba
host plant of Gonometa spp. (molopo moth); the moth larva produces indigestible silk in its cocoon; causes rumen impaction; a South African phenomenon.
Acacia georginae
has a high concentration of fluoroacetate and can cause sudden death. Called also Georgina gidgee or Georgina gidyea.
Acacia melanoxylon
contains toxic tannins; rarely causes ataxia, recumbency, alimentary tract irritation.
Acacia mellifera
host plant for Gonometa spp. (molopo moth), the larva of which produces indigestible silk in its cocoon; causes ruminal impaction.
Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
pods contain toxins which cause hemolysis, methemoglobinemia and diarrhea.
Acacia salicina
contains toxic tannins; rarely causes incoordination, recumbency.
References in periodicals archive ?
Extracts from Acacia catechu suppress HIV-1 replication by inhibiting the activities of the viral protease and tat.
Chopra RN et al reported that Acacia catechu is found in Punjab, Northeast Himalaya, Bihar and throughout Konkan region.
Partial substitution of phenol with tannins of Uncaria gambier and Acacia catechu in phenol-formaldehyde resin.
As such, the four plants of these two genera used by the Kavirajes for treatment of diarrhea, namely Acacia arabica, Acacia catechu, Acalypha australis and Acalypha indica merit further scientific studies and can be sources of new and effective antidiarrheal compounds.
Anti-plasmodial activity of crude extract or any phytochemical component present in Acacia catechu has not been reported so far.