abdominal examination

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abdominal examination

the physical assessment of a patient's abdomen by visual inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpation. Visual inspection of the normally oval shape of the abdominal surface while the patient is supine may reveal abnormal surface features indicating the effects of disease, surgery, or injury. Subsurface tumors, fluid accumulation, or hypertrophy of the liver or spleen may be observed as an abnormal surface feature. Auscultation may reveal vascular sounds that provide information about arterial disorders such as aortic aneurysms and bowel sounds that indicate intestinal function. In pregnancy, auscultation can detect fetal heartbeat and blood circulation in the placenta. Percussion helps detect the condition of internal organs. Palpation is used to detect areas of tenderness or rigidity, muscle tone and skin condition, and shapes and sizes of subsurface organs or masses.

Abdominal Examination

A hands-on evaluation of the abdominal cavity to identify abnormalities, if any, based on any change in size, shape, consistency, or sound on percussion of the organs found therein.
Parameters assessed Ascites, ballotability, bowel sounds (normoactive, hyperactive, hypoactive, high-pitched, inaudible, tympanitic), costovertebral angle tenderness, distension, obesity, fluid wave, guarding, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, organomegaly, liver, spleen and kidneys (tender or not), McBurney's point (for appendicitis), Murphy's sign, palpable, nonpalpable, protuberant, rebound tenderness, scaphoid, surgical scars.

abdominal examination

Clinical medicine A hands-on evaluation of the abdominal cavity to identify abnormalities, if any, based on any change in size, shape, consistency, or sound on percussion of the organs found therein. See Abdomen.
References in periodicals archive ?
For that same asthma patient, the physical exam should give the details of the heart and lung exam but should not include any mention of an abdominal exam unless one was actually done.
It has been hard enough to communicate to women the need for continued annual exams (which also include height, weight, blood pressure, temperature, pulse, breast exam, thyroid exam, heart/lung/ abdominal exam, and more) even when they don't need a Pap smear or HPV test that year.
Her abdominal exam revealed upper abdominal discomfort with distention but no evidence of peritonitis, rebound tenderness, or guarding.
There was an appreciable mass overlying the right abdominal flank area, otherwise his abdominal exam was unremarkable.
The abdominal exam should focus on the presence or absence of ascites (fluid wave), an omental mass, or inguinal adenopathy.
An abdominal exam revealed right lower quadrant tenderness at McBurney's point with no rebound or guarding and a negative Rovsing's sign.
An abdominal exam yielded diffuse tenderness, which was most significant at the site of the abrasion.
A standardized abdominal exam was performed on all patients that included a single-digit intravaginal palpation of the levator ani and piriformis muscles, and either a Kegel contraction to identify the levators or an external hip rotation to identify the piriformis.
Her abdominal exam was remarkable for tenderness and mild rebound to the RLQ.
Abdominal exam revealed diffuse tenderness with rebound.
Her abdominal exam was normal, her laboratory tests were normal, and a chest x-ray showed nothing.
Abdominal exam was revealing for diffuse discomfort but notable tenderness in the LLQ.