ATP synthase


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ATP synthase

An enzyme that catalyzes the addition of a phosphate group to adenosine diphosphate to produce adenosine triphosphate.
See also: synthase
References in periodicals archive ?
The transcripts of some nuclear-encoded proteins from the mitochondrial respiratory chain of the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei are known to be downregulated by hypoxia, including some proteins that compose the Frcatalytic domain of the ATP synthase (Martinez-Cruz et al.
Considering the biological function, we selected two increased proteins: ATP synthase subunit beta (encoding by ATP5B) and complex I subunit (encoding by NDUFS1).
Protein Symbol gi Number Phospholipid hydroperoxide PHGPX gi|2522259 glutathione peroxidase ATP synthase subunit O, ATP5O gi|20070412 mitochondrial Glutathione S-transferase GSTM5 gi|6754086 Mu NADH dehydrogenase NDUFA10 gi|13195624 [ubiquinone] 1 alpha subcomplex subunit 10, mitochondrial Isoaspartyl ASRGL1 gi|81875980 peptidase/L-asparaginase Superoxide dismutase [Mn], SOD2 gi|31980762 mitochondrial Protein Peptide sequence Matched peptide Phospholipid hydroperoxide R.
Other identified spots included gelsolin, vimentin, gamma enolase, ATP synthase and cytoskeletal protein.
We will focus on the effects of these reactive species on critical ATP synthase amino acid residues as part of the mechanism affecting ATP synthesis and/or permeability transition.
By tapping into the energy reservoir generated by the proton gradient across a membrane, ATP synthase assists with the creation of ATP from ADP and phosphate.
In further experiments with the flies, the research team found that ATP synthase was essential to normal stem cell development, directly controlling the growth and maintenance of the inner membranes inside mitochondria, called cristae, as the cells continue to divide and form the specific cell components that make up an egg, or female germ cell.
von Meyenburg K, Jorgensen BB, Nielsen J, Hansen F (1982) Promoters of the atp operon coding for the membrane-bound ATP synthase of Escherichia coli mapped by Tn10 insertion mutations.
Photosynthesis and Ribosomal protein L3 chloroplast proteins Ribosomal protein L13 Ribosomal protein L35 Photosystem I P700 chlorophyll A apoprotein A1 Photosystem I P700 chlorophyll A apoprotein A1 Photosystem I P700 chlorophyll A apoprotein A1 Photosystem II cytochrome C550 Photosystem II D2 protein Photosystem II protein D1 Photosystem II protein D1 Photochlorophyllide reductase subunit B Photochlorophyllide reductase subunit L Photochlorophyllide reductase subunit N Phycobilisome linker polypeptide Phycoerythrin beta subunit Phycoerythrin beta subunit Putative rubisco expression protein Allophycocyanin subunit alpha ATP synthase CF1 delta subunit ATP synthase CF0 A subunit ATP synthase CF0 subunit I Beta-Ig-H3/fasciclin Clp protease ATP binding subunit 12.
The actinide dependent hexokinase activity and actinide dependent ATP synthase activity were high but the blood ATP levels were low.
Similar to the structure of diosmetin, diosmin has been shown to partially inhibit the ATP synthase purified from E coli (Chinnam et al.