The beginnings of the ARPANET and the Internet in the university research community promoted the academic tradition of open publication of ideas and results.
Community spirit has a long history, beginning with the early ARPANET, whose early researchers worked as a close-knit community (the ARPANET Working Group) to accomplish the initial demonstrations of packet switching technology.
When the ARPANET was turned over to the Defense Communication Agency for production work (and cloning) in 1975, there were 57 nodes (see Table 2).
The ARPANET was widely publicized in articles, a short documentary, and a major public demonstration in 1972, and the word got out.
ARPANET statistics in July 1975, when it was turned over to the Defense Communication Agency for production use .
For example, BBN used their ARPANET experience to start the X.
For instance, a researcher using NSFNET, ARPANET and BITNET, which links many universities, must remember at least three different personal codes and password -- and the appropriate "address" for a person receiving a message at the other end.
Laboratory, which provided access to ARPANET and a second unclassified military network.
In the 1960s and '70s, ARPANET was "the glue that held the computer science community together," says Kahn.
The ARPANET, when first proposed, was staggering in its boldness.
The ARPANET consisted of a network of computers known as IMPS (Interface Message Processors), used solely for switching.
The Ethernet is connected by a bridge to the wider network, and this bridge functions much in the manner of an IMP on the ARPANET.