alternating current

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current

 [kur´ent]
1. something that flows.
2. specifically, electricity transmitted through a circuit.
alternating current a current that periodically flows in opposite directions; its amplitude fluctuates as a sine wave.
convection current a current caused by movement by convection of warmer fluid into an area of cooler fluid.
direct current a current that flows in one direction only; when modeled as a wave, its amplitude is constant. When used medically it is called galvanic current. This current has distinct and important polarity and marked secondary chemical effects.
galvanic current a steady direct current.
current of injury an electric current that flows between injured myocardium and normal myocardium, because such cells have a reduced membrane potential; it may be either diastolic or systolic.
current of injury, diastolic the current that flows from injured to noninjured tissue during electrical diastole.
current of injury, systolic the current that flows from healthy tissue to injured tissue during electrical systole.
inwardly rectifying current current that rectifies so that it passes more easily towards the interior of a cell.
leakage current the electrical current that exists in the parts or metal case of electrical equipment.
outwardly rectifying current current that rectifies so that it passes more easily towards the exterior of a cell.
potassium rectifying c's transmembrane currents that rectify inwardly or outwardly to make adjustments in cellular functions; they are mainly responsible for the repolarization phase of the action potential. There are at least six mechanisms by which potassium ions move across cardiac cell membranes in the role of rectifier.

al·ter·nat·ing cur·rent (AC),

a current that flows first in one direction then in the other, for example, 60-cycle current.

alternating current (AC)

[ôl′tərnā′ting]
an electric current that reverses direction, according to a consistent sinusoidal pattern. Compare direct current. See also current.

alternating current

An MRI term for a continuously changing flow of electrons that alternates its polarity at a periodic rate. In the US, the current changes at a frequency of 60 Hz.

al·ter·nat·ing cur·rent

(AC, ac, a.c.) (awl'tĕr-nāt-ing kŭr'rĕnt)
Electric current that reverses direction (positive-negative polarity) many times each second (with each rotation of the armature of the dynamo generating the current).

al·ter·nat·ing cur·rent

(AC, a.c.) (awl'tĕr-nāt-ing kŭr'rĕnt)
Electric current that reverses direction (positive-negative polarity) many times each second (with each rotation of the armature of the dynamo generating the current).

current

that which flows; electric transmission in a circuit.

alternating current
a current that flows in opposite directions sinusoidally.
direct current
a current whose direction is always the same.
References in periodicals archive ?
SAN DIEGO -- Pulse Electronics Corporation (NYSE: PULS), a leading provider of electronic components, introduces its new Sidewinder[TM] AC current sensors.
With a measurement accuracy of better than 5 percent, the Si85xx ac current sensors are available in 5 A, 10 A and 20 A versions.
Two different methods are used to record the AC current measurements:
Where there are leaks or holes in the pipe coating, the AC current flows out into the soil and the locator measures the current loss from measurements taken before and after the defect, while the ACVG survey measures the resulting pressure increase in the soil next to the pipe-coating defect.
com), the world's leading supplier of data loggers, today announced a range of plug-in AC current sensors for use with HOBO U12-006 data loggers.
Nasdaq:SLAB), a leader in high-performance, analog-intensive, mixed-signal ICs, today announced the world's smallest low-loss high-accuracy ac current sensors for a wide range of power applications.
28, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Larson Electronics has announced the addition of a powerful new LED spotlight capable of operating with either common 120 volt AC current or the 12/24 volt currently typically available from vehicles and boats.
Tenders are invited for Ac Current Transducer: Single Channel:- Ac Current Transducer: Single Channel , Input: 0-8Aac, Output: 0-10Vdc, Supply: 230Vac, 50Hz, Plus/Minus 10 Percent , Accuracy: Plus/Minus 0.
This portable blasting light operates natively on 9 to 42 volt DC current for easy connection to vehicles and equipment, and includes an inline transformer that allows operation on any standard 120 to 277 Volt AC current.
An optional inline transformer allows operation with a standard 120V-277V AC current and a magnetic mounting system allows users to attach the unit to any metallic surface containing steel or iron.
This prenatal learning system offers a safe and effective way to communicate with a baby in the womb and does not use AC current, ultrasound or radio waves.