torus

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torus

 [tor´us] (L.)
a swelling or bulging projection.
torus mandibula´ris a prominence sometimes seen on the lingual aspect of the mandible at the base of its alveolar part.
torus palati´nus a bony protuberance sometimes found on the hard palate at the junction of the intermaxillary suture and the transverse palatine suture.

to·rus

, pl.

to·ri

(tō'rŭs, tō'rī), [TA]
1. A rounded swelling, such as that caused by a contracting muscle. Synonym(s): elevation (1) [TA]
2. A geometric figure formed by the revolution of a circle around the base of any of its arcs, such as the convex molding at the base of a pillar.
[L. swelling, knot, bulge]

torus

/to·rus/ (tor´us) pl. to´ri   [L.] a swelling or bulging projection.

torus

(tôr′əs)
n. pl. tori (tôr′ī)
1. Architecture A large convex molding, semicircular in cross section, located at the base of a classical column.
2. Anatomy A bulging or rounded projection or swelling.
3. Botany
a. The receptacle of a flower.
b. A thickened area in the middle of the membrane that connects the pits of tracheids in conifers and certain other gymnosperms.
4. Mathematics A toroid generated by a circle; a surface having the shape of a doughnut. Also called tore2.

to·rus

, pl. tori (tōr'ŭs, -ī)
1. A geometric figure formed by the revolution of a circle around the base of any of its arcs, such as the convex molding at the base of a pillar.
2. A rounded swelling, such as that caused by a contracting muscle.
Synonym(s): elevation.
[L. swelling, knot, bulge]

torus

the end of the stalk, bearing the flower parts and forming the succulent fruit in POMES, e.g. apples, pears, strawberries and rosehips.
  1. (in ferns) the mass of tissue that becomes the SPORANGIUM.
  2. (in liverworts) the cup containing a GEMMA.
  3. (in algae) the swollen tip of a branch carrying the reproductive organs.

torus

  1. a central thickened area in the BORDERED PITS of GYMNOSPERMS.
  2. see RECEPTACLE.

to·rus

, pl. tori (tōr'ŭs, -ī)
1. [TA] Rounded swelling, such as that caused by a contracting muscle.
2. Geometric figure formed by revolution of a circle around the base of any of its arcs, such as the convex molding at the base of pillar.
[L. swelling, knot, bulge]

torus (tôr´əs),

n a bulging projection of bone.
torus mandibularis,
n a bony enlargement (hyperostosis) appearing unilaterally or bilaterally on the lingual aspect of the mandible in the canine-premolar region of about 7% of the population.
Enlarge picture
Torus mandibularis.
torus palatinus,
n a bony enlargement (hyperostosis) occurring in the midline of the hard palate in about 20% of the population.
Enlarge picture
Torus palatinus.

torus

pl. tori [L.] a swelling or bulging projection; a pad.

carpal torus
chestnut on the leg of a horse; the stopper pad of a dog. Called also carpal pad.
torus corneus
bulb of the heel in ungulates.
torus linguae
the eminence on the dorsum of the tongue in ruminants.
torus metacarpal, torus metatarsal
metacarpal pads, metatarsal pads.
torus pyloricus
a fleshy protuberance at the pylorus of some species such as ruminants and pigs, that projects into the lumen of the pyloric canal.
tarsal torus
chestnut on the leg of a horse. Called also tarsal pad.