antipruritic

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antipruritic

 [an″te-, an″ti-proo-rit´ik]
1. preventing or relieving itching.
2. an agent that so acts.

an·ti·pru·rit·ic

(an'tē-prū-rit'ik),
1. Preventing or relieving itching.
2. An agent that relieves itching.

antipruritic

/an·ti·pru·rit·ic/ (-proo-rit´ik) preventing or relieving itching, or an agent that does this.

antipruritic

(ăn′tē-pro͝o-rĭt′ĭk, ăn′tī-)
adj.
Preventing or relieving itching.
n.
An antipruritic drug.

antipruritic

[-proo͡rit′ik]
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, prurire, to itch
1 pertaining to a substance or procedure that tends to relieve or prevent itching.
2 an antipruritic drug. Topical anesthetics, corticosteroids, and antihistamines are used as antipruritic agents.

antipruritic

adjective Relieving or preventing itching.
 
noun An agent that prevents or relieves itching.

antipruritic

adjective Relieving or preventing itching noun An agent that prevents or relieves itching

an·ti·pru·rit·ic

(an'tē-prūr-it'ik)
1. Preventing or relieving itching.
2. An agent that relieves itching.

antipruritic

Any drug or other treatment effective in relieving itching.

antipruritic

topical agent preventing or relieving itching, i.e. decreasing sensitivity of local nerve endings (e.g. benzocaine), reducing local oedema (e.g. weak iodine solution; menthol; methyl salicylate), cooling skin (e.g. calamine lotion; kaolin powder; hamamelis water; cooling lotions; evaporating lotions) and counteracting histamine release (e.g. antihistamine cream, crotamiton creams [Eurax]) (Table 1 and see Table 2)
Table 1: Topical antipruritic and analgesic agents
AgentAction and usage
Benzocaine; 20% ointmentTreatment of painful heloma neurovasculare
Antipruritic in treatment of chilling
Menthol 2%Dusting powder
Menthol 10%In methyl salicylate ointment; used to reduce inflammation, e.g. hyperaemic phase of chilblains
KaolinDusting powder
Tetracaine 4% gel Ametop gel; Amethocaine 2% creamantipruritic and analgesic
Crotamiton 10% creamEurax: powerful and rapid antipruritic
Mepyramine maleate 2% creamAnthisan: rapidly antipruritic, for insect bites
Table 2: Topical dusting powders for use on skin
Base agents
Starch, Chalk, Magnesium carbonate, Kaolin, Talc, Zinc oxide, Zinc stearate The base agent should augment the action of the active ingredient
Active ingredients
ExamplesActionIndicated use
Boric acid 5%
Salicylic acid 3-10%
Alum 10%
Benzocaine 10%
Calamine
Chlorphensin 1%
Menthol 2%
Phenol 2.5%
Sodium perborate 15%
Sodium poly-metaphosphate 5%
Benzoin 10%
Undecenoic acid 2%
Zinc undecenoate 10%
Active against foetid bacteria
Astringent, antiseptic, antifungal
Strongly astringent and deodorant
Analgesic and antipruritic
Soothing, absorbent
Fungicidal
Fungicidal
Antipruritic and fungicidal
Antiseptic
Astringent
Astringent
Fungicidal
Fungicidal
Bromidrosis
Hyperhidrosis and mild fungal skin infection
Hyperhidrosis and bromidrosis
Irritant skin conditions
Irritant skin conditions
Fungal infections
Fungal infections
Irritant fungal infections
Mild skin infection
Prophylaxis of fungal infection
Hyperhidrosis
Fungal infection
Fungal infection

an·ti·pru·rit·ic

(an'tē-prūr-it'ik)
1. Preventing or relieving itching.
2. An agent that relieves itching.

antipruritic (an´tīprōōrit´ik),

adj relieving or preventing itching.

antipruritic

1. preventing or relieving itching.
2. an agent that counteracts itching; of special importance in the treatment of animals because of the self-trauma that results from their responses to pruritus.